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Eugenics

Chapter

Democracy is the combination of the mediocre and inferior to restrain the more able.

William Bateson, 1919

The title of Galton's Huxley Lecture to the Royal Anthropological Society (Oct. 1901) was “The Possible Improvement of the Human Breed under the Existing Conditions of Law and Sentiment.” His solution was “eugenics,” a word he had coined. The times were auspicious. Delay in achieving victory in the Boer War had been attributed to the lack of fitness of the soldiers, mostly recruited from the “working class.” In 1865 Galton had contributed an essay on “Hereditary Talent and Character” to Macmillan's Magazine[1]. Here he held that eminent men begat offspring who were significantly more eminent than the general population. Such talent was deemed to depend more on an individual's inherited characteristics than the more stimulating environment that inherited wealth could provide. He supported this with a display of pedigrees showing that able fathers had able sons. However, his views...

Keywords

White Collar Crime Genetic Science Civilized Community Evil Consequence Intellectual Class 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

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