Gender and Minority Mental Health: The Case of Body Image

  • Laura Simonelli
  • Leslie J. Heinberg


Differing prevalence rates amongst mental illnesses has led to significant research interest in examining the impact of sex and gender on psychiatric illness and psychosocial quality of life. A number of prevalent psychiatric illnesses have differing prevalence rates when examined by sex. Autism, Attention Deficit with Hyperactivity Disorder, Substance Abuse and Antisocial Personality Disorder are more common in men. Major Depression and Agoraphobia with Panic are more common in women. Eating disorders are the most gendered disorders described in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition (DSM-IV; American Psychiatric Association, 2004). Eight to nine times as many girls and women experience anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa than boys and men. Beyond this, body image dissatisfaction is also much higher in girls and women as compared to boys and men. These sex differences become apparent in elementary school, persist throughout the life...


Body Image Anorexia Nervosa Eating Disorder Body Dissatisfaction Bulimia Nervosa 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve UniversityCleveland

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