Religion, Spirituality, and Nonheterosexual-Identified Minority Women

  • J.D. Sana Loue

Religion and spirituality are important dimensions of human existence. It has been asserted that it is spirituality that makes us human (Helminiak, 1996). Both religious practice and spirituality have been found to be associated with psychological well-being ((Bergin, Masters, & Richards, 1987; George, Larson, Koenig, & McCullough, 2000; Levin, Markides, & Ray, 1996). Although the concepts of religiosity and spirituality have often been used interchangeably in the context of research (O’Neill & Kenny, 1998), it is important to distinguish between the two. When distinctions have been made, there has been tremendous variability across studies with respect to the definitions that have been used. Studies have conceived of spirituality as a focus on God or other power that guides the universe, faith in mystical or transcendental experiences, and/or adherence to certain moral values and belief about relationships with people and a higher power (Mathew, Georgi, Wilson, & Mathew, 1996; Warfield & Goldstein, 1996)


Sexual Orientation Sexual Minority Sexual Identity Minority Woman Premature Ejaculation 
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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Epidemiology and BiostatisticsSchool of Medicine, Case Western Reserve UniversityClevelandUSA

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