Nanofabrication by Self-Assembly

  • Zheng Cui


The nanofabrication technologies described in the previous chapters so far can be characterized as conventional technologies, in the sense that they always involve in one way or another lithographic patterning and pattern transfer. They are still the same as, or not too much different from, the technologies for manufacturing integrated circuits (ICs), which originated nearly 50 years ago in 1961 when the first patent on planar IC was granted, though today’s technologies can make pattern structures a thousand times smaller. It is a “top-down” approach that complex structures are built up by patterning layers upon layers from the surface of a planar substrate. The capabilities of top-down nanofabrication technologies have been amply demonstrated in previous chapters. The smallest features which can be made by top-down approach are, however, always limited by the available fabrication tools, being either lithography or pattern transfer. On the other hand, nature has...


Block Copolymer Capillary Force Diblock Copolymer Porous Alumina Microphase Separation 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zheng Cui
    • 1
  1. 1.Rutherford Appleton LaboratoryCouncil for the Central Laboratory of the Research CouncilsChiltonUK

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