Nuclear Transformation of Eukaryotic Microalgae

Historical Overview, Achievements and Problems
  • Rosa León
  • Emilio Fernández
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (volume 616)


Transformation of microalgae is a first step in their use for biotechnological applications involving foreign protein production or molecular modifications of specific cell metabolic pathways. Since the first reliable achievements of nuclear transformation in Chlamydomonas, other eukaryotic microalgae have become transformed with molecular markers that allow a direct selection. Different methods—glass beads, electroporation, particle bombardment, or Agrobacterium—and constructions have been set up in several organisms and successfully used. However, some problems associated with efficiency, integration, or stability of the transgenes still persist and are analysed herein. Though the number of microalgae species successfully transformed is not very high, prospects for transformation of many more are good enough on the basis of what has been achieved so far.


Nitrate Reductase Selectable Marker Phaeodactylum Tricornutum Nuclear Transformation Nitrate Reductase Gene 
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Copyright information

© Landes Bioscience and Springer Science+Business Media 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rosa León
    • 1
  • Emilio Fernández
    • 2
  1. 1.Deparamento de Química y Ciencia de Materiales, Facultad de Ciencias ExperimentalesUniversidad de HuelvaHuelvaSpain
  2. 2.Departamanto de Bioquímica y Biología Molecular Campus de RabanalesUniversidad de CórdobaCórdobaSpain

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