Humans as a Component of Ecosystems

One of the greatest challenges for natural and social scientists over the next few decades will be to understand how urbanizing regions evolve through the extraordinarily complex interactions between humans and biophysical processes. The challenge is to incorporate this complexity in studying urban ecosystems and their evolution. For more than a century, urban theorists have struggled to understand urban systems and their dynamics. During the second half of the last century, ecological scholars started to recognize the subtle human-natural interplay governing the ecology of urbanizing regions. Both social and natural scientists concur that assessing future urban scenarios will be crucial in order to make decisions about urban development, land use, and infrastructure so we can minimize their ecological systems and ecology, we will have to redefine the role of humans in impact. But to fully understand the interactions between urban ecosystems and the relationships between urban planning and ecology (Alberti et al. 2003).


Land Cover Cellular Automaton Urban Landscape Urban System Urban Ecosystem 
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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

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