As neonatal intensive care improves, the survival of infants of early gestation (<28 weeks) and very low birth weight (VLBW < 1,000g) increases. Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a disease that has evolved in part from these advances. Ninety percent of all cases occur in the premature infant; the other major risk factor is early formula feedings. Feedings that are advanced at a rapid rate and volume create the greatest risk.
KeywordsPatent Ductus Arteriosus Necrotizing Enterocolitis Bowel Distension Pneumatosis Intestinalis VLBW Infant
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