• Steven D. Bines

The incidence of melanoma is rising faster than any other malignancy. With over 60,000 cases and 8,000 deaths occurring in the year 2002, melanoma causes over 90% of deaths due to skin cancer. The personal risk was estimated at 1 in 70 in the year 2000. Risk factors for melanoma include a positive family history, Type 1 and Type 2 skin, and blistering sunburn before adolescence. The most significant risk factor is the total number of moles. People with more than 50 moles have a two- to threefold increased risk. The presence of atypical nevi (macular nevi greater than 5 mm in diameter with an irregular border and reddish pigmentation) is a marker for increased risk. In patients with a strong family history, atypical nevi are considered premalignant lesions.


Sentinel Lymph Node Wide Local Excision Lymphatic Mapping Positive Sentinel Node Tumor Thickness 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Steven D. Bines
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of SurgeryRush Medical College of Rush University, Rush University Medical CenterChicagoUSA

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