Upper gastrointestinal (GI) hemorrhage has a variety of causes and may present with subtle or massive blood loss. Potential sources may be located anywhere from the mouth to the ligament of Treitz. The history and physical examination are cornerstones for initial assessment; if the patient’s vital signs are unstable, resuscitation and evaluation are promptly instituted simultaneously with a quick physical assessment and interview of the patient or his/her family.
KeywordsGastric Ulcer Esophageal Varix Rubber Band Ligation Massive Blood Loss Vascular Malforma
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