The acute abdomen is considered by many to be the sudden onset of abdominal pain requiring surgical intervention. In reality, not all causes of acute abdominal pain require surgery, and likewise not all “surgical” abdomens are necessarily of acute onset. The assessment of the acute abdomen pain is an art form that all surgeons must master. Understanding the nature of the abdominal pain, as well as the ability to obtain a thorough history and physical, may be the only tools necessary to determine the diagnosis and whether urgent surgical intervention is required. If a patient is stable, carefully chosen diagnostic studies may help to pinpoint or confirm the diagnosis and guide intervention.
KeywordsAcute Abdomen Acute Abdominal Pain Visceral Pain Parietal Peritoneum Diffuse Peritonitis
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