Long-term alcohol abuse is the most common cause of chronic pancreatitis. Other causes include high-fat and protein diets and untreated hyperparathyroidism with hypercalcemia. Chronic pancreatitis usually presents with continuous, daily pain which may require analgesics or increased alcohol ingestion for relief. Occasionally, exocrine and/or endocrine insufficiency are the first signs of chronic pancreatitis but these usually become manifest only after pancreatitis has been present for a long time.
KeywordsChronic Pancreatitis Pancreatic Duct Duodenal Obstruction Frey Procedure Increase Alcohol Ingestion
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