Assessing Preoperative Cardiac Risk in Patients Undergoing Noncardiac Surgery
A. Emergency surgery. For the patient who presents with an emergency such as a perforated viscus or intraabdominal hemorrhage, surgery must be undertaken without delay. Clearly, in these instances, there isn’t sufficient time to proceed with a cardiac workup; however, invasive monitoring may help perioperative fluid management.
KeywordsCardiac Complication Noncardiac Surgery Major Vascular Surgery Perforated Viscus Congenital Cardiac Anomaly
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