Extraocular Muscles in Graves’ Disease
JC is a 32-year-old woman who noted increasing prominence of her right eye over several months. She presented to her primary care doctor, who ordered thyroid tests (TSH and T4) that were normal. He then ordered a CT scan that was interpreted as normal by the radiologist with no mass lesions detected and extraocular muscle thickness “within normal limits.” She was referred to an ophthalmologist who documented possible lid lag on the right side and exophthalmometry readings of 19 mm OD and 16 mm OS. She was referred for echography. A-scan revealed several muscles in both orbits that were greater than upper limits of normal for muscle thickness. The internal reflectivity pattern of these muscles was heterogeneous and consistent with Graves’ disease (Fig. 24). Thyroid antibody testing was performed and was moderately positive. She was instructed about her disease and how to manage any symptoms that may occur, such as puffy lids and dry, scratchy eyes. She was scheduled for a follow-up examination in 6 months and warned about symptoms of optic nerve compression, and was specifically told to check her color sensitivity to a red object at home.