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General Considerations about Solid-state Fermentation Processes

  • Ashok Pandey
  • Christian Larroche
  • Carlos R Soccol

Abstract

SSF offers numerous advantages over submerged fermentation (SmF). These include high volumetric productivity, relatively higher concentration of the products, less effluent generation, and simple fermentation equipments, etc. The major factors, which affect microbial growth and activity in SSF include the selection of a suitable micro-organism and substrate, pre-treatment of the substrate, particle size (inter-particle space and surface area) of the substrate, moisture content and water activity (aw) of the substrate, relative humidity, type and size of inoculum, temperature of fermenting matter, removal of metabolic heat generated during respiration, period of cultivation, maintenance of uniformity in environment of SSF, and the gaseous atmosphere, i.e. oxygen consumption rate and carbon dioxide evolution rate.

Keywords

Apply Biochemistry Wheat Bran Sweet Sorghum Submerged Fermentation Alpha Amylase 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ashok Pandey
    • 1
  • Christian Larroche
    • 2
  • Carlos R Soccol
    • 3
  1. 1.Biotechnology DivisionNational Institute for Interdisciplinary Science & TechnologyTrivandrumIndia
  2. 2.Laboratoire de Génie Chimique et Biochimique (LGCB)CUST-Université Biaise PascalAubière CedexFrance
  3. 3.Bioprocess Engineering and Biotechnology DivisionFederal University of ParanáCuritiba-PRBrazil

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