Adaptation, Self-Organisation, Learning

  • Alex M. Andrew
Part of the IFSR International Series on Systems Science and Engineering book series (IFSR, volume 26)

Adaptation in continuous environments has received much attention under the heading of control engineering, with one class of solution known as the Kalman filter (Sorensen 1985). Other schemes already mentioned include Gabor’s “learning filter” (Gabor, Wilby, and Woodcock 1961) and similar proposals by Andrew (1959b) and the adjustments embodied in Samuel’s checker-playing program (Samuel 1963).


Response Unit Exponential Smoothing White Shark Teleological Explanation Affective Tone 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ReadingUK

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