Costs of Adjuvant Breast Cancer Treatments

  • Nina Oestreicher
Part of the Cancer Treatment and Research book series (CTAR, volume 151)


Breast cancer is the leading incident cancer and the second highest cause of cancer mortality in the U.S. In 2004, breast cancer treatment expenditures were $8.1 billion [1], and may account for as much as 1% of healthcare expenditures in the U.S. [2]. Increased early detection has led to a shift towards diagnosis of early stage cancer and with the array of adjuvant therapies available, average survival has improved over time [3]. Primary therapy for early breast cancer is commonly surgery. Following surgery, chemotherapy and endocrine therapy are used alone or in combination to kill cancer cells that have spread throughout the body, because a high percentage of patients with localized disease have undetectable metastases [4].


Breast Cancer Endocrine Therapy Adjuvant Therapy Aromatase Inhibitor National Comprehensive Cancer Network 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of PharmacyUniversity of California San Francisco, CA, Genentech, Inc.South San FranciscoUSA

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