Error Analysis of Finite-Spectral-Linewidth Illumination in Optical Oximetry Systems

  • Joseph L. Hollmann
  • Charles A. DiMarzio
Conference paper
Part of the Advances In Experimental Medicine And Biology book series (AEMB, volume 614)


Multi-spectral systems consisting of a small number of wavelengths are increasingly using light emitting diodes (LEDs) to reduce the overall costs of the system. However, LEDs typically have broad spectral bandwidths and cannot be modeled as having a single discrete wavelength. This paper puts forth a simple model to analyze the effects of using LEDs to illuminate a single layer of homogenous tissue. Monte Carlo simulations are used to approximate photon propagation through a semi-infinite turbid medium oximetry system using two light emitting diodes with broad spectra for varying oxygen saturations. The results are then compared against diffusion solutions for narrowband illumination at the same two center wavelengths.


Oxygen Saturation Pulse Oximetry Pulse Oximeter Illumination Source Spectral Envelope 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Y. Mendelson, Pulse oximetry: theory and applications for noninvasive monitoring, Clin. Chem., 38(9), 1601–1607 (1992).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    S. Fantini and M. A. Franceshini, in: Handbook of Optical Biomedical Diagnostics, edited by V. V. Tuchin (SPIE Press, Bellingham, 2002), pp. 427–431.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    S. M. L. Silva, M. L. D. Castilla, and J. P. S. Martin, Near-infrared transmittance pulse oximetry with laser diodes, J. Bio. Opt., 8(3), 525–533 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    M. J. C. Van Gemert, , S. L. Jacques, H. J. C. M. Sterenborg, and W. M. Star, Skin Optics, IEEE Trans. Bio. Eng., 36 (12), 1146–1154 (1989).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    L.-H. Wang, S. L. Jacques, and L.-Q. Zheng, MCML – Monte Carlo Modeling of Photon Transport in Multi-layered Tissues, Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine 47, 131–146 (1995).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    M. N. O. Sadiku, Numerical Techniques in Electromagnetics, 2nd edition (CRC Press, Boca Raton, 2001) pp. 197–199.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joseph L. Hollmann
    • 1
  • Charles A. DiMarzio
    • 2
  1. 1.RBC Product DevelopmentLenexa
  2. 2.Department of Electrical and Computer EngineeringNortheastern UniversityBoston

Personalised recommendations