Cultural Heritage Management in Peru: Current and Future Challenges

  • Alvaro Higueras

Cultural Heritage Management (henceforth, CHM) is a long-term and integral strategy for planning the development of a valley or a region for its preservation and the dissemination of its cultural heritage resources to the public. CHM’s strategy is not unlike a multidisciplinary research project, integrated by a set of successive and linked phases: planning, study, preservation, presentation, promotion, sustainability.

Peru’s cultural patrimony is characterized by a diverse and complex set of cultural resources, which are especially rich for the pre-Hispanic era. These constitute the main pillar in the government’s quest for new activities and attractions to support a rise in cultural tourism from national and international visitors. Archaeological heritage can provide solid foundations to CHM plans, but ethnographic and historical resources should complement it as cultural heritage in Peru. For instance, north coast sugar cane mills of the nineteenth century agro-industrial era, and certainly the many Colonial era monuments, could be viable targets of incorporation into a CHM strategy. Improving roads to these many attractions would facilitate the creation of a cultural heritage network and ultimately benefit local populations. This kind of broad assemblage of resources will be vital, but not sufficient, for creating a successful CHM project.

This chapter is written at a time when the field of cultural heritage management in Peru is at a crossroads: only recently is the management of cultural heritage being addressed as a complex network of organizational resources [Note 1], rather than a strategy that pinpoints investment in discrete resources. The creation of a network is an important operational concept in the conservation and promotion of cultural heritage and the development of “cultural districts” or tourist regions.


Cultural Heritage Archaeological Site Master Plan Cultural Resource Legal Empowerment 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alvaro Higueras
    • 1
  1. 1.University of RomeItaly

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