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Between Horizons: Diverse Configurations of Society and Power in the Late Pre-Hispanic Central Andes

  • Jalh Dulanto

This chapter is a brief review of some of the polities that developed in the Central Andes during the Late Intermediate Period—that is, between the contraction of Wari and the expansion of Inca influence over the Central Andes [Note 1]. During the LIP, polities of varying political and economic complexity emerged, expanded and collapsed. Coastal polities were, in general, more complex than highland ones and some of the coastal polities were able to expand beyond their regions, whereas few highland polities did so. The following chapter, Chapter 39, deals with the greatest of the LIP polities, the Chimú Empire. My concern here is the other “less imperial” societies that nevertheless were also the context faced by the expanding Inca empire.

Traditional interpretations of LIP societies have relied heavily on ethnohistorical documents, which are Spanish descriptions of local polities under Inca rule at the time of the Spanish conquest (e.g., Bonavia 1991; Lumbreras 1974, 1990; Ravines 1994). The epistemological problems of using Spanish descriptions of early Colonial Period polities, which had already been shaped by the Inca imperial policies and were being reshaped by the Spanish administration, to talk about pre-Inca polities are obvious (see criticisms in Netherly 1988, 1990; Salomon 1986, 1999 inter alia). Here I try to level the ground by using almost exclusively archaeological data to review the state of our knowledge regarding the LIP world. Archaeological information collected over the last few decades allows us to grasp, to some extent, the considerable political and economic variation that existed among polities on the coast and in the highlands during the several centuries of the LIP, ca. AD 1000–1400.

Keywords

South Coast North Coast Central Coast Highland Region American Archaeology 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jalh Dulanto
    • 1
  1. 1.Programa de ArqueologíaPontificia Universidad Católica del PerúPeru

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