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Endothelin Receptors: Do They Have a Role in Retinal Degeneration?

  • Vanesa Torbidoni
  • María Iribarne
  • Angela M. Suburo
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 613)

Although endothelins (ETs) were originally discovered as potent vasoconstrictors secreted by the endothelium (Yanagisawa et al., 1988), it has become evident that they also fulfill important roles in the nervous system (Schinelli, 2006). ETs are a family of 21-amino-acid peptides with three isoforms, ET-1, ET-2 and ET-3. ET-1 and ET-3 are present in most ocular structures. They are present in most regions of the anterior segment and in blood vessels of the choroid and the sclera (Chakrabarti and Sima, 1997). Precursor mRNAs of the three endothelins have been detected in the retina (Chakrabarti et al., 1998; Rattner and Nathans, 2005). ET-1 and ET-3 precursor mRNA appear in several retinal cell phenotypes (Ripodas et al., 2001), but the largest protein concentration appears in astrocytes (Torbidoni et al., 2005).

Keywords

Optic Nerve Retinal Pigment Epithelium Optic Nerve Head Amacrine Cell Ganglion Cell Layer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vanesa Torbidoni
    • 1
  • María Iribarne
    • 1
  • Angela M. Suburo
    • 1
  1. 1.Facultad de Ciencias BiomédicasUniversidad AustralBuenos AiresArgentina

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