Advertisement

Evaluating Energy Consumption of Proactive and Reactive Routing Protocols in a MANET

  • Marco Fotino
  • Antonio Gozzi
  • Juan-Carlos Cano
  • Carlos Calafate
  • Floriano De Rango
  • Pietro Manzoni
  • Salvatore Marano
Part of the IFIP International Federation for Information Processing book series (IFIPAICT, volume 248)

Abstract

Ad hoc routing technology has been developed primarily for networks of mobile nodes. The operational life of untethered nodes will be limited by its power source, so ad hoc networks strongly depend on the efficient use of their batteries. All the layers of communication are coupled in power consumption and solutions addressing the power saving issue include transmission power control, power aware routing and low power modes at the physical layer. At the network layer, routing protocols may balance power consumption at nodes according to their routing decisions. Several authors have proposed power aware routing algorithms based on power cost functions. In this work we present a performance comparison of the DSR (Dynamic Source Routing) and the OLSR (Optimized Link State Routing) in terms of energy consumption. We evaluate how the different approaches affect the energy usage of mobile devices. We found that a reactive protocol takes advantage of its routing policy when the traffic load is low. However, at higher traffic rates, a proactive routing protocol can perform better with an appropriate refresh parameter. In addition, we showed how, independently from the routing protocol selected, the overhearing activity can seriously affect the performance since all the neighbours of a transmitting node also consume their energy. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first simulation study addressing the power saving issue to extensively compare the DSR and OLSR protocols under a wide variety of network scenarios.

Keywords

Node Mobility Packet Delivery Ratio Mobile Host Dynamic Source Route Optimize Link State Routing 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    Internet Engineering Task Force, “Manet working group charter”, http://www.ietf.org/html.charters/manet-charter.html.
  2. 2.
    C.-K. Toh “Maximum Battery Life Routing to Support Ubiquitous Mobile Computing in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks”, in IEEE Communication Magazine, June 2001Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    E. Royer and C.-K. Toh, “A Review of Current Routing Protocol for Ad Hoc Mobile Wireless Networks”, IEEE Personal Communications Magazine, Vol. 6,No. 2, April 1999.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    C.-K. Toh, “Associativity Based Routing For Ad Hoc Mobile Networks”, Wireless Personal Comm. Journal, Special Issue on Mobile Networking and Computing Systems, Vol. 4,No. 2, Mar. 1997.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Z.J. Haas, “A New Routing Protocol for the Reconfigurable Wireless Networks”, Proceedings of the ICUPC’97, San Diego, CA, Oct. 1997.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    V.D. Park, M.S. Corson, “A Highly Adaptive Distributed Routing Algorithm for Mobile Wireless Networks”, IEEE INFOCOM’97, Kobe, Japan, 1997.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    C.E. Perkins, E.M. Royer, “Ad-hoc On-Demand Distance Vector Routing”, Proceedings of the 2nd IEEE Workshop on Mobile Computing Systems and Applications, Feb. 1999.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    D. Dube, CD. Rais, K-Y. Wang, K. Tripathi, “Signal Stability-Based Adaptive Routing (SSA) for Ad hoc Mobile Networks”, IEEE Personal Comm., pp. 36–45, Feb., 1997.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    David B. Johnson, David A. Maltz, Yin-Chun Hu, and Jorjeta G. Jetcheva, “The Dynamic Source Routing Protocol for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks DSR)”, Internet Draft, February 2002.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    P. Jacquet, P. Muhlethaler, T. Clausen, A. Laouiti, A. Qayyum, L. Viennot, “Optimised Link State Routing Protocol for Ad Hoc Networks”Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    K. Fall and K. Varadhan, (Eds.) “ns Notes and Documents”, The VINT Project. UC Berkeley, LBL, USC/ISI, and Xerox PARC, February 25, 2000. Available from http://www.isi.edu/ salehi/ns_doc/.
  12. 12.
    Laiura Feeney and M. Nilsson, “Investigating the Energy Consumption of a Wireless Network Interface in an Ad Hoc Networking Environment”, IEEE INFOCOM, 2001.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© International Federation for Information Processing 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marco Fotino
    • 1
  • Antonio Gozzi
    • 1
  • Juan-Carlos Cano
    • 2
  • Carlos Calafate
    • 2
  • Floriano De Rango
    • 1
  • Pietro Manzoni
    • 2
  • Salvatore Marano
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Calabria, Pietro BucciRendeITALY
  2. 2.Polytechnic University of ValenciaValenciaSPAIN

Personalised recommendations