Images, Signals, and Measurements
Computerized medical imaging provides subject-dependent 3D geometry of any body organ, in particular the heart and large blood vessels. Medical images taken of the human body are mainly displayed in three main planes: (1) coronal planes which divide the body into front and back regions; (2) sagittal planes which separate the body into left and right parts; and (3) transverse planes, perpendicular to the body axis, which split the body into upper and lower domains. Nowadays, numerical simulations are performed in computational domains based on imaging data after 3D reconstruction. Input data for the surface reconstruction of the target CVS compartment usually come either from X-ray computed tomography [88–90], magnetic resonance images [91–94], or 3D ultrasound images .
KeywordsSingle Photon Emission Compute Tomography Particle Image Velocimetry Wall Shear Stress Laser Doppler Velocimetry Implicit Surface
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