The Bonobos pp 75-94 | Cite as

Gestures and Multimodal Signaling in Bonobos

  • Amy S. Pollick
  • Annette Jeneson
  • Frans B. M. de Waal
Part of the Developments in Primatology: Progress and Prospects book series (DIPR)

Studies on bonobos have come a long way in the last several decades. Our understanding of this remarkable ape’s ecology, sexual behavior, dominance style, and conservation issues is constantly evolving. We know a great deal about the bonobo’s vocal repertoire, as described by de Waal (1988), Hohmann and Fruth (1994), and Bermejo and Omedes (1999). Facial expressions have not been studied nearly as fully, perhaps because doing so requires close observation. For this and other forms of visual communication, captive studies remain invaluable. They allow for the observation of detailed social behavior at close range, as well as the observation of complex social interactions in their entirety.


Facial Expression Communicative Signal Vocal Signal Gestural Communication Human Gesture 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amy S. Pollick
    • 1
  • Annette Jeneson
    • 2
  • Frans B. M. de Waal
    • 3
  1. 1.Association for Psychological ScienceWashington, DCUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of CaliforniaUSA
  3. 3.Living Links, Yerkes National Primate Research CenterEmory UniversityUSA

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