Diamonds and Organized Crime:The Case of Antwerp

  • Dina Siegel
Part of the Studies in Organized Crime book series (SOOC, volume 7)

Though globalization is a term which is viewed increasingly more often in anthropological research as too abstract and vague, it still prevails in critical literature. In criminology, organized crime is presented as a number one example of the globalization process (in, amongst others, Fijnaut & Paoli, 2004; Galeotti, 2004; Mittelman, 2000). Globalization is usually defined in literature as a process which includes an extension of the market, a wide circulation of money, developed communication technology and world culture (Bauman, 1998; Beck, 2000; Eriksen, 2003). What criminology has brought to globalization studies is the recognition that crime in general and organized crime in particular is an inevitable part of the process. Galeotti distinguishes five main drivers for the globalization of organized crime: technological drivers (‘from increasing the ease of travel to introducing new illicit commodities to be soldè’, 2004: 4); political drivers, when organized crime is expected to respond to various political developments, for example wars, natural disasters or ethnic tensions (ibid:5); economic drivers, in which organized crime reacts similarly to its economic environment (‘markets open and close’, ibid:6); enforcement drivers, for example when operations of law enforcement agents are on the offensive and cause the perpetrators of organized crime to be more cautious or change their strategies; and internal drivers, namely changes in structures, for example, from ‘monolithic’ groups to ‘loose networks of semi-autonomous criminal entrepreneurs’ (ibid).


Organize Crime Criminal Organization Criminal Group Illegal Market General Account Office 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  • Dina Siegel

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