Thousands of patients with severe facial disfigurements due to burns, trauma, and tumor excisions are seeking surgical treatment to reduce their suffering. Unfortunately, the aesthetic outcome of the currently available conventional reconstructive procedures (e.g., skin grafts, flaps) for facial reconstruction is not satisfactory in long-term follow-up. The best result of facial reconstruction was obtained following replantation of total face and scalp avulsion with adequate hair growth on the scalp and normal animation of the facial expression muscles.
KeywordsCommon Carotid Artery External Jugular Vein Superficial Temporal Artery Facial Skin Facial Reconstruction
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