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Clinical Applications of Bone Tissue Engineering

  • Silvia Scaglione
  • Rodolfo Quarto
Chapter

Introduction

Several major progresses and improvements have been introduced in the field of bone regenerative medicine during the last few years, as innovative alternatives to current therapies which still present many limitations. Natural processes of bone repair are sufficient to restore the skeletal integrity for most fractures. However, the auto-regenerative potential of bone cannot handle large size “critical” lesion. Therefore, manipulation of natural healing mechanisms to regenerate larger bone segments is often required in reconstructive surgery.

Tissue Engineering (TE) has represented surely the most innovative and attractive approach for potentially solving many of the problems in orthopedic surgery.

Tissue Engineering, a relatively new field in medicine, has to be considered as a sequence of phases going from the research project to the design and production of bioactive matrices and ideally of a living tissue substitute. This main objective can be approached in different...

Keywords

Mesenchymal Stem Cell Skeletal Tissue Blood Vessel Invasion Large Bone Defect Pilot Clinical Study 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Advanced Biotechnology Center, Genova, Italy; Department of Communication, Computer and System SciencesItaly

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