Indication for Biopsy: Nephrotic Syndrome

  • Alexander J. Howie


Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Nephrotic Syndrome Lupus Nephritis Glomerular Basement Membrane Membranous Nephropathy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  1. D’Agati VD, Fogo AB, Bruijn JA, Jennette JC. Pathologic classification of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis: a working proposal. American Journal of Kidney Diseases 2004; 43: 368–382. This gives the Columbia classification of segmental sclerosing glomerular disorders.Google Scholar
  2. D’Agati VD, Jennette JC, Silva FG. Non-Neoplastic Kidney Diseases. Atlas of Nontumor Pathology, first series, fascicle 4. Washington, DC:American Registry of Pathology and Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, 2005. Chapters 3, 5–7, 9–11, 13, 17.Google Scholar
  3. Howie AJ, Pankhurst T, Sarioglu S, Turhan N, Adu D. Evolution of nephrotic-associated focal segmental glomerulosclerosis and relation to the glomerular tip lesion. Kidney International 2005; 67: 987–1001.Google Scholar
  4. Jennette JC, Olson JL, Schwartz MM, Silva FG. Heptinstall’s Pathology of the Kidney. Sixth ed. Philadelphia:Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2007. Chapters 4–9, 12, 18, 19.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexander J. Howie
    • 1
  1. 1.University College LondonLondonUnited Kingdom

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