Indication for Biopsy: Renal Allograft

  • Alexander J. Howie


Acute Rejection Calcineurin Inhibitor Renal Allograft Chronic Rejection Acute Cellular Rejection 
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  1. Colvin RB, Cohen AH, Saiontz C, et al. Evaluation of pathologic criteria for acute renal allograft rejection: reproducibilty, sensitivity, and clinical correlation. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology 1997; 8: 1930–1941. This gives details of the system suggested by the Cooperative Clinical Trials in Transplantation.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. D’Agati VD, Jennette JC, Silva FG. Non-Neoplastic Kidney Diseases. Atlas of Nontumor Pathology, first series, fascicle 4. Washington, DC: American Registry of Pathology and Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, 2005. Chapter 26.Google Scholar
  3. Jennette JC, Olson JL, Schwartz MM, Silva FG. Heptinstall’s Pathology of the Kidney, Sixth ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2007. Chapter 28.Google Scholar
  4. Racusen LC, Solez K, Colvin RB, et al. The Banff 97 working classification of renal allograft pathology. Kidney International 1999; 55: 713–723.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexander J. Howie
    • 1
  1. 1.University College LondonLondonUnited Kingdom

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