Advertisement

Acute Renal Failure

  • Farahnak Assadi

Abstract

An 18-year old man receiving treatment for HIV infection presents with severe myalgias. His serum creatinine is 2.1 mg/dl, with a creatinine phosphokinase of 7,400U/L. His urinalysis is strongly positive for blood on dipstick, but he has only two to four red blood cells per high-power field.

Keywords

Acute Renal Failure Renal Replacement Therapy Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy Pediatric Nephrology 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Perazella MA (2000) Acute renal failure in HIV-infected patients: A brief review of common causes. Am J Med Sci 319:385–391CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Kellum JA (1998) Use of diuretics in the acute care setting. Kidney Int 66:S67–S70Google Scholar
  3. Brown CB, Ogg CS, Cameron JS (1981) High dose furosemide in acute renal failure: A controlled trial. Clin Nephrol 15:90–96PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Kellum JA, Angus DC, Johnson JP, et al. (2002) Continuous venous intermittent renal replacement therapy: a meta-analysis. Intensive Care Med 28:29–37CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Mehta R, McDonald B, Gabbai F, et al. (2001) A randomized clinic trail of continuous versus intermittent dialysis for acute renal failure. Kidney Int 60:1151–1163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Phu NH, Hien TT, Mai NTH, et al. (2002) Hemofiltration and peritoneal dialysis in infection-associated acute renal failure in Vietnam. N Engl J Med 347:895–902CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Kaarsou SA, Jaber BL, Pereira GJG (2000) Impact of intermittent hemodialysis variables on clinical outcomes in acute renal failure. Am J Kidney Dis 35:980–991CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Kellum JA, Decker JM (2001) Use of dopamine in acute renal failure: A meta-analysis. Cri Care Med 29:1526–1531CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society Clinical Trials Group (2000) Low-dose dopamine in patients with early renal dysfunction: a placebo-controlled randomized trial. Lancet 356:2139–2143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Acker CG, Singh AR, Flick RP, et al. (2000) A trial of thyroxin in acute renal failure. Kidney Int 57:293–298CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Perazella MA, Kashgarian M, Cooney E (1998) Indinavir nephropathy in an AIDS patient with renal insufficiency and pyuria. Clin Nephrol 50:194–196PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Gagnon RF, Tsoukas CM, Walters AK (1998) Light microscopy of indinavir urinary crystals. Ann Intern Med 128:321PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Majumdar A, Chowdhary S, Ferreira MA, et al. (2000) Renal pathological findings in infective endocarditis. Nephrol Dial Transpl 15:1782–1787CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Briguori C, Manganelli F, Scarpato P, et al. (2002) Acetylcystein and contrast agent-associated nephrotoxicity. J Am Coo Cardiol 40:298–303CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Murphy SW, Barrett BJ, Parfrey PS (2000) Contrast nephropathy. J Am Soc Nephrol 11:177–182PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Roseert J (2001) Drug-induced interstitial nephritis. Kidney Int 60:804–817CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Abassi ZA, Hoffman A, Better OS (1998) Acute renal failure complicating crush injury. Semin Nephrol 18:558–565PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Peraxella MA (2000) Acute renal failure in HIV-infected patients: A brief review of common causes. AM J Med Sci 319:385–391CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Schaaf B, Aries SP, Kramme E, et al. (2003) Acute renal failure associated with tenofovir treatment in a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Clin Inf Dis 37: e41–43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Baily J, Shapiro MJ (2000) Abdominal compartment syndrome. Crit Care 4:23–29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Biancofiore G, Bindi ML, Romanelli AM, et al. (2003) Intra-abdominal pressure monitoring in liver transplant recipients: a prospective study. Intensive Care Med 29:30–36PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Xuan BHN, Thi TX, Nguyen ST, et al. (2003) AEF after fish gallbladder ingestion: a large case series from Vietnam. Am J Kidney Dis 41:220–224CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Bellomo R, Chapman M, Finfer S (2000) Low-dose dopamine in patients with early renal dysfunction: a placebo-controlled randomized trial. Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society Clinical Trials Group. Lancet 356:2139–2143Google Scholar
  24. Corwin HL, Gettinger A, Pearl RG, et al. (2002) Efficacy of recombinant human erythropoietin in critically ill patients: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA 288:2827–2835CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Mehta RL, Pascual MT, Soroko S. et al. (2002) Diuretics, mortality, and no recovery of renal function in acute renal failure. JAMA 288:2547–2553CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Gupta RK, Kappor A, Tewari S, et al. (1999) Captopril for prevention of contrast-induced nephropathy in diabetic patients: a randomized study. Indian Heart J 51:521–526PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Hansi K, Gunnala V, Mascarenhas M, et al. (2003) Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor may be protective in contrast induced nephropathy. J Am Soc Nephrol 14:282A–2283AGoogle Scholar
  28. Phu NH, Hien TT, Mai NTH, et al. (2002) Hemofiltration and peritoneal dialysis in infection-associated acute renal failure in Vietnam. N Engl J Med 347:895–902CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Kshirsagar AV, Poole C, Mottl A, et al. (2004) N-acetylcysteamine for the prevention of radiocontrast induced nephropathy: A meta-analysis of prospective controlled trials. J Am Soc Nephrol 15:761–769CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Gines P, Guevara A, Arroyo V, et al. (2003) Hepatorenal syndrome. Lancet 362:1819–1827CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Argalious M, Motta P, Khandwala F, et al. (2005) “Renal dose” dopamine is associated with the risk of new-onset arterial fibrollation after cardiac surgery. Crit Care Med 33:1327–1332CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Chiolero R, Borgeat A, Fisher A (1991) Postoperative arrhythmias and risk factors after open heart surgery. Thoracic Cardiovasc Surg 39:81–84CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Daugas E, Rougier JP, Hill G (2005) HAART-related nephropathies in HIV-infected patients. Kidney Int 67:393–403CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. Casserly B, O’Mahony E, Timm EG, et al. (2004) Propofol infusion syndrome: an unusual cause of renal failure. Am J Kidney Dis 44:e98–101CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Marenzi G, Lauri G, Assanelli E (2004) Contrast-induced nephropathy in patients undergoing primary angioplasty fooor acute myocardial infarction. J Am Coll Cardiol 44:1780–1785CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Fernandez WG, Hung O, Bruno GR (2005) Factors predictive of acute renal failure and need for hemodialysis among emergency department patients with rhabdomyolysis. Am J Emerg Med 23:1–7CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. Lombardi R, Ferrerio A, Servetto C (2003) Renal function after cardiac surgery: adverse effect of furosemide. Ren. Fail 25:775–786CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. Lassnigg A, Donner E, Grubhofer G, et al. (2000) Lack of renoprotective effects of dopamine and furosemide during cardiac surgery. J Am Soc Nephrol 11:97–104PubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. Augustine JJ, Sandy D, Seifert TH (2004) A randomized controlled trial comparing intermittent with continuous dialysis in patients with acute renal failure. Am J Kidney Dis 44:1000–1007CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. Tolwani A (2005) Renal replacement therapies for acute renal failure: does dose matter? Am J Kidney Dis 45:1139–1143CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. Bent P, Tan HK, Bellomo R, et al. (2001) Early and intensive continuous hemofiltration for severe renal failure after cardiac surgery. Ann Thorac Surg 71:832–837CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. Demirkilic U, Kuralay E, Yenicesu M, et al. (2004) Timing of replacement therapy for acute renal failure after cardiac surgery. J Card Surg 19:17–20CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. Gines P, Guevara M, Arroyo V et al. (2003) Hepatorenal syndrome. Lancet 362:1819–1827CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  44. Murray PT (2003) Use of dopaminergic agents for renoprotection in the ICU. Yearbook of Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine, Springer-Verlag, pp. 637–648Google Scholar
  45. Palevsky PM (2005) Renal replacement therapy I: Indications and timing. Crit Care Clin 21:347–356CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  46. Towani A (2005) renal replacement therapies for acute renal failure:does dose matter? Am J Kidney Dis 45:1139–1143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Gines P, Guevara M, Arroyo V, et al. (2003) Hepatorenal syndrome. Lancet 362:1819–1827CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  48. Gines P, Cardenas A, Arroyo V, et al. (2004) Management of cirrhosis and ascites. N Engl J Med 350:1646–1654CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. Kalambokis G, Economou M, Fotopoulos A, et al. (2005) The effects of chronic treatment with octreotide versus octreotide plus midodrine on systemic hemodynamics and renal hemodynamics and function in nonazotemic cirrhotic patients with ascites. Am J Gastroenterol 100:879–885CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  50. Kiser TH, Fish DN, Obritsch MD, et al. (2005) Vassopressin, not octreotide, may be beneficial in the treatment of hepatorenal syndrome: a retrospective study. Nephrol Dial Transplant 20:1813–1820CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  51. Kelton J, Kelly WN, Holmes EW (1978) A rapid method for the diagnosis of acute uric acid nephropathy. Arch Intern Med 138:612–615CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  52. Kuiper JW, Groeneveld AB, Slutsky AS, et al. (2005) Mechanical ventilation and acute renal failure. Cri Care Med 33:1460–1461CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Rivers E, Nguyen B, Havstad S, et al. (2001) Early goal-directed therapy in the treatment of severe sepsis and septic shock. N Engl J Med 345:1368–1377CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  54. Augustine JJ, Sandy D, Seifert TH, et al. (2004) A randomized controlled trial comparing intermittent with continuous dialysis in patients with ARF. Am J Kidney Dis 44:1000–1007CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  55. Humphreys BD, Soiffer RJ, Mage CC (2005) Renal failure associated with cancer and its treatment: an update. J Am Soc Nephrol 16:151–161CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  56. Finfer S, Bellomo R, Boyce N, et al. (2004) SAFE Study Invetigators. A comparison of albumin and saline for fluid resuscitation in the intensive care unit. N Engl J Med 350:2247–2256CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  57. Rivers E, Nguyen B, Havstad S, etal (2001) Early goal-directed therapy in the treatment of severe sepsis and septic shock. N Engl J Med 345:1368–1377CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  58. Davenport A (2001) Renal replacement therapy in the patient with acute brain injury. Am J Kid Dis 37:457–466CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Farahnak Assadi
    • 1
  1. 1.Rush University Medical CenterChicago

Personalised recommendations