Fluid and Electrolyte Disorders

  • Farahnak Assadi


A 16-year old female is brought into the hospital in a stuporous state. No history is initially obtainable. The physical examination is unremarkable except for the abnormal mental status. There are no obvious signs of volume depletion or expansion. The BP is 100/59 mmHg. Laboratory data reveal serum sodium 102 mEq/l, potassium 2.5 mEq/l, chloride 66 mEq/l, bicarbonate 32 mEq/l, BUN 9 mg/dl, and creatinine 0.4 mg/dl. Urine sodium is 130 mEq/l, potassium 61 mEq/l, chloride 107 mEq/l and osmolality 467mOsml/kg.


Urine Osmolality Pediatric Nephrology Metabolic Alkalosis Serum Sodium Concentration Electrolyte Disorder 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Farahnak Assadi
    • 1
  1. 1.Rush University Medical CenterChicago

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