ERP pp 19-30 | Cite as

Organizations and Organizational Structures

  • Avraham Shtub
  • Reuven Karni


The history of organizations is probably as long as the history of mankind. Early organizations like families or groups of hunters evolved into tribes, kingdoms and empires. The need to survive in a hostile world, to carry out missions too great for a single person and to share scarce resources, are just some of the reasons for the creation of early organizations.


Product Development Functional Organization Flow Shop Shop Floor Organizational Unit 
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  1. Feldman P, Shtub A (2006) Model for cost estimation in a finite-capacity environment. IJPR 44: 305–327CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Shtub AF, Bard JF, Globerson S (2004) Project management: Processes, methodologies, and economics, 2nd ed. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Industrial Engineering & ManagementTechnion - Israel Institute of TechnologyHaifaIsrael
  2. 2.Department of Industrial Engineering & ManagementShenkar College of Engineering & DesignRamat GanIsrael

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