The endometrium is a cycling glandular and stromal layer overlying the myometrium of the uterus. The appearance varies widely across different phases of the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, and menopause. Common reasons for performing an endometrial biopsy include the following:
Abnormal vaginal bleeding
A “thickened endometrial stripe” found on ultrasound, suggesting hyperplasia or carcinoma
Part of an infertility workup
Follow-up study for women with a history of hyperplasia who have been conservatively treated with hormones
KeywordsSerous Carcinoma Endometrial Stromal Sarcoma Endometrioid Carcinoma Malignant Mullerian Mixed Tumor Chronic Endometritis
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.