Describing globalisation remains a complex task. It is the interactive co-evolution of millions of technological, cultural, economic, social and environmental trends at all conceivable spatio-temporal scales. Despite the continuing controversy surrounding the exact forces and the historical path that generated globalisation, we have shown that it is possible to measure globalisation using indices. In this monograph, in addition to describing other leading indices of globalisation, we have explained how the KOF Index of Globalisation has been constructed. We have also illustrated how the KOF Index can be used to gauge the consequences of globalisation.