Consequences of Globalisation Reconsidered: Applying The KOF Index
Arguably, the first step in quantifying the consequences of globalisation is the ability to measure globalisation itself. With the introduction of the KOF Index of Globalisation in 2002, a number of studies empirically addressed the question of whether and to what extent globalisation affects social and economic phenomena. 28 Among the first to use the KOF Index for empirical analysis was Ekman (2003) who investigated whether globalisation affects the health of a country’s population. He finds a positive, non-linear correlation between the KOF Index and population health as measured by life expectancy at birth. In later studies, Sameti (2004) finds that globalisation increases the size of governments, while Tsai (2007) shows that globalisation increases human welfare, measured by the Human Development Index.