Reviving the Old, Introducing the New...

Russia’s New Space Science Projects
  • Igor Afanasiev
Part of the Springer Praxis Books book series (PRAXIS)


The Soviet Union carried out a comprehensive programme of exploration of the Moon, Venus and Mars. In the early days of the Russian Federation, there were extensive plans for missions to the Moon, Mars and the outer solar system, as well as for science missions in Earth orbit, notably the Koronas programme of solar observatories. Economic difficulties, though, meant that with the exception of Koronas, these missions could not be funded and few took place.


Coronal Mass Ejection International Space Station Radiation Belt Launch Vehicle Space Observatory 
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Copyright information

© Praxis Publishing Ltd. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Igor Afanasiev

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