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The discovery of the Jupiter ring system

Part of the Springer Praxis Books book series (PRAXIS)

Abstract

Everyone knew that only Saturn (and, more recently, Uranus) had rings. Even models used to predict long-term stability of planetary rings indicated that the Jovian system could not maintain one [1]. Nonetheless, Tobias Owen, a co-investigator on the Voyager Imaging Science Subsystem (ISS) Team, thought that a planet the size of Jupiter must have debris around it [2]. He postulated that Jupiter might have material about it in the equivalent region of Saturn’s B ring. Although most investigators thought that Jupiter did not have such material, Brad Smith, the ISS Principal Investigator, had his own reason to support such an observation. In retrospect, Dr. Smith stated that a search for a Jovian ring was not made “with any great expectation of a positive result but more for the purpose of providing a degree of completeness to Voyager’s survey of the entire Jupiter system” [3].

Keywords

Main Ring Mission System Ring Particle Galileo Spacecraft Halo Ring 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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4.5 Notes and References

  1. [1]
    Morrison, D., Samz, J., Voyage to Jupiter, NASA SP-439, 1980, p. 84.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    Personal communication with Tobias Owen.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    Elliot, J., Kerr, R., 1984, Rings—Discoveries from Galileo to Voyager, The Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press, 1984, p. 100.Google Scholar
  4. [4]
  5. [5]
    Personnel communication with Candice Hansen-Koharcheck.Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    Morrison, D., Samz, J., (1980) Voyage to Jupiter, NASA SP-439, p 85.Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    Ibid., p. 63.Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    Ibid., p. 85.Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    Personnel communication with Charles C. Avis.Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    Caption found at http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/catalog/PIA02251 Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    Flight Science Office Science and Mission Systems Handbook—Voyager Uranus/Interstellar Mission, Voyager Document PD 618-128 (JPL D-498), Revision C, dated 1985 July 1, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, p. 2.3.Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    Morrison, D., Samz, J., 1980, Voyage to Jupiter, NASA SP-439, p. 86.Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    Elliot, J., Kerr, R., 1984, Rings—Discoveries from Galileo to Voyager, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press, p. 104.Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    Morrison, D., Samz, J., 1980, Voyage to Jupiter, NASA SP-439, p. 93.Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    Ibid., p. 136.Google Scholar
  16. [16]
  17. [17]
    Flight Science Office Science and Mission Systems Handbook—Voyager Uranus/Interstellar Mission, Voyager Document PD 618-128 (JPL D-498), Revision C, dated 1985 July 1, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, p. 2.3.Google Scholar
  18. [18]
    Showalter, M. R., Burns, J. A., Cuzzi, J. N., Pollack, J. B., 1985, “Discovery of Jupiter’s ‘gossamer’ ring”, Nature 316, 526–528.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    Personal communication with Brian Paczkowski.Google Scholar
  20. [20]
    Galileo Project Final Report, Galileo Document JPL D-28516, Volume 1, 21 September 2003, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, p. 115.Google Scholar
  21. [21]
    Ibid., p. 153.Google Scholar
  22. [22]
    Ibid., p. 174.Google Scholar
  23. [23]
    Caption found at http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/catalog/PIA03001 Google Scholar
  24. [24]
    A brief description of the Jupiter ring system can be found at URL http://solarsystem.na-sa.gov/planets/profile.cfm?Object = Jupiter&Display = Rings Google Scholar
  25. [25]
    Caption found at http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/catalog/PIA01628 Google Scholar
  26. [26]
  27. [27]
    Cornell News, Galileo finds Jupiter’s rings formed by dust blasted off small moons, http://www.news.cornell.edu/releases/sept98/jupiter_rings.html Google Scholar
  28. [28]
    Galileo Project Final Report, Galileo Document JPL D-28516, Volume 1, 21 September 2003, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, Appendix A-5.Google Scholar
  29. [29]
  30. [30]
    Ibid., p. 203.Google Scholar

4.6 Bibliography

  1. Elliot, J., Kerr, R., 1984, Rings—Discoveries from Galileo to Voyager, The Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press, 1984.Google Scholar
  2. Flight Science Office Science and Mission Systems Handbook—Voyager Uranus/Interstellar Mission, Voyager Document PD 618-128 (JPL D-498), Revision C, dated 1985 July 1, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena.Google Scholar
  3. Guiliano, J. A. (compiled), 1978, Voyager 1 and 2—Jupiter Science Link Dictionary Index, JPL Document 618–805.Google Scholar
  4. Morrison, D., Samz, J., 1980, Voyage to Jupiter, NASA SP-439.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Praxis Publishing Ltd, Chichester, UK 2007

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