Crew escape, rescue and survival spacesuits
The world changed on October 4, 1957, when the Soviet Union successfully launched the world’s first artificial satellite, Sputnik I, into Earth orbit. In reaction, the USA created the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) by the Space Act of October 1, 1958. The new agency inherited the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) and other government organizations. NASA initiated America’s first manned exploration program, Project Mercury, within its first week of existence. However, Mercury was not the first US program to develop a pressure suit for use in space. The programs for both the X-15 rocket plane and the X-20 spaceplane of the US Air Force (see Chapter 8) had preceding suit activity.
KeywordsAdvisory Committee Earth Orbit National Aeronautic Government Organization Artificial Satellite
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