Other national and international facilities

Part of the Springer Praxis Books book series (PRAXIS)


From 1960 until the early 1990s, all the training of Soviet and Russian cosmonauts had taken place at TsPK, or at other Russian and east European facilities, such as contractors, design bureaus and academic institutions. Apart from a few short training trips to the United States for the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project, there was no formal foreign cosmonaut training programme until the creation of Shuttle-Mir. Due to the nature of that programme, the cosmonauts would have to become acquainted with the American Space Shuttle, its systems, facilities and launch and landing systems, with training sessions held at JSC in Houston and KSC in Florida. In addition, as a precursor to ISS, training on partner components in Europe, Canada and Japan has seen an expansion of cosmonaut space flight training around the world, expanding the scope of experience and cooperation like never before. A brief summary of each of these ‘foreign’ training facilities is detailed here.


Crew Member Training Facility Design Bureau Flight Crew Flight Director 


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  1. 1.
    Personal visit to IMBP facilities by the authors 17 June 2003, information provided during an interview with Dr Irina P Ponomareva, who was the Chief researcher and member of the Russian Tsiolkovskiy Academy of Sciences State Research Centre for IMBP.Google Scholar
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    Simulation of Extended Isolation: Advances and Problems, Ed V.M. Baranov, Associate of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Moscow 2001Google Scholar
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    Information provided during a tour of Zvezda facilities by David J Shayler and Bert Vis, 16 June 2003Google Scholar
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    Telephone interview with Andre Kuipers by Bert Vis, May 2005Google Scholar
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    ESA magazine On Station, No 18, November 2004, various articlesGoogle Scholar
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    Japanese Space Agency website, http://iss.sfo.jaxa.jp/ssip/index_e.htmlGoogle Scholar

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© PraxisPublishing Ltd. 2005

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