When Ken Bowersox boarded the International Space Station as its sixth incumbent skipper on 25 November 2002, he had — in a way — already flown two ‘miniature space station’ missions in his 15-year astronaut career. Nicknamed’ sox’ throughout the astronaut corps, he flew four highly successful Shuttle missions during the early-to-mid 1990s, two as Pilot and two as Commander, before joining the space station project as backup skipper for its first long-duration crew. Now, teamed with fellow astronaut Don Pettit and Russian cosmonaut Nikolai Budarin, he was about to spend what he thought would be a routine four months in space.
KeywordsInternational Space Station Satellite Laser Range Lower Body Negative Pressure Microgravity Environment Mission Specialist
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