Advertisement

The Role of Early Olfactory Experience in the Development of Adult Odor Preferences in Rodents

  • Pamela M Maras
  • Aras Petrulis

Abstract

Mate recognition is an essential component of successful reproductive behavior, and in rodent species, is primarily guided by the perception of social odors in the environment. Importantly, there is substantial evidence that species or sexual odor preferences may be regulated by early olfactory experience, although considerable variability in the plasticity of these behaviors has been observed. The current chapter summarizes what is known regarding the role of early olfactory experience in the development of adult odor preferences, synthesizing data across species, sex, and behavioral paradigms.

Keywords

Olfactory Bulb Syrian Hamster Golden Hamster Main Olfactory Bulb Odor Exposure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Reference

  1. Alberts, J. R. (1976) Olfactory contributions to behavioral development in rodents. In: R. L. Doty (Ed.), Mammalian Olfaction, Reproductive Processes and Behavior. Academic Press, New York, San Francisco, London, pp. 67–91.Google Scholar
  2. Alberts, J. R. and May, B. (1984) Nonnutritive, thermotactile induction of filial huddling in rat pups. Dev. Psychobiol. 17, 161–181.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Astic, L. and Saucier, D. (1981) Ontogenesis of the functional activity of rat olfactory bulb: autoradiographic study with the 2-deoxyglucose method. Brain Res. 254, 243–256.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Beach, F. A. (1976) Sexual attractivity, proceptivity and receptivity in female mammals. Horm. Behav. 7, 105–138.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Beauchamp, G. K. and Hess, E. H. (1971) The effects of cross-species rearing on the social and sexual preferences of guinea pigs. Z. Tierpsychol. 28, 69–76.Google Scholar
  6. Coopersmith, R. and Leon, M. (1984) Enhanced neural response to familiar olfactory cues. Science 225, 849–851.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Coopersmith, R. and Leon, M. (1986) Enhanced neural response by adult rats to odors experienced early in life. Brain Res. 371, 400–403.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Denenberg, V. H., Hudgens, G. A. and Zarrow, M. X. (1964) Mice Reared with Rats: Modification of Behavior by Early Experience with Another Species. Science 143, 380–381.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Devor, M. and Schneider, G. E. (1974) Attraction to home-cage odor in hamster pups: Specificity and changes with age. Behav. Biol. 10, 211–221.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. D’Udine, B. a. A., E. (1983) Early experience and sexual preferences in rodents. In: P. Bateson (Ed.), Mate Choice. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 311–327.Google Scholar
  11. Fewell, G. D. and Meredith, M. (2002) Experience facilitates vomeronasal and olfactory influence on Fos expression in medial preoptic area during pheromone exposure or mating in male hamsters. Brain Res. 941, 91–106.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Fillion, T. J. and Blass, E. M. (1986) Infantile experience with suckling odors determines adult sexual behavior in male rats. Science 231, 729–731.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Galef, B. G., Jr. and Kaner, H. C. (1980) Establishment and maintenance of preference for natural and artificial olfactory stimuli in juvenile rats. J. Comp. Physiol. Psychol. 94, 588–595.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Gregory, E. H. and Bishop, A. (1975) Development of olfactory-guided behavior in the golden hamster. Physiol. Behav. 15, 373–376.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Halpern, M. and Martinez-Marcos, A. (2003) Structure and function of the vomeronasal system: an update. Progress in Neurobiology 70, 245–318.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hudgens, G. A., Denenberg, V. H. and Zarrow, M. X. (1968) Mice reared with rats: effects of preweaning and postweaning social interactions upon adult behaviour. Behaviour 30, 259–274.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Johanson, I. B. and Hall, W. G. (1982) Appetitive conditioning in neonatal rats: conditioned orientation to a novel odor. Dev. Psychobiol. 15, 379–397.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Johnson, B. A., Woo, C. C., Duong, H., Nguyen, V. and Leon, M. (1995) A learned odor evokes an enhanced Fos-like glomerular response in the olfactory bulb of young rats. Brain Res. 699, 192–200.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Johnston, R. E. (1974) Sexual attraction function of golden hamster vaginal secretion. Behav. Biol. 12, 111–117.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Johnston, R. E. (1977) The causation of two scent-marking behaviour patterns in female hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus). Anim. Behav. 25, 317–327.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Johnston, R. E. (1983) Chemical signals and reproductive behavior. In: J. G. Vandenbergh (Ed.), Pheromones and Reproduction in Mammals. Academic Press, New York, pp. 3–37.Google Scholar
  22. Johnston, R. E. (1990) Chemical communication in golden hamsters: from behavior to molecules and neural mechanisms. In: D. A. Dewsbury (Ed.), Contemporary Issues in Comparative Psychology. Sinauer, Sunderland, MA, pp. 381–412.Google Scholar
  23. Lagerspetz, K. and Heino, T. (1970) Changes in social reactions resulting from early experience with another species. Psychological Reports 27, 255–262.Google Scholar
  24. looseness-2Landauer, M. R., Banks, E. M. and Carter, C. S. (1977) Sexual preferences of male hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus) for conspecifics in different endocrine conditions. Horm. Behav. 9, 193–202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Leon, M. (1974) Maternal pheromone. Physiol. Behav. 13, 441–453.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Leon, M. (1992) Neuroethology of olfactory preference development. J. Neurobiol. 23, 1557–1573.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Leon, M. and Moltz, H. (1971) Maternal pheromone: discrimination by pre-weanling albino rats. Physiol. Behav. 7, 265–267.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Licht, G. and Meredith, M. (1987) Convergence of main and accessory olfactory pathways onto single neurons in the hamster amygdala. Exp. Brain Res. 69, 7–18.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Macrides, F., Clancy, A. N., Singer, A. G. and Agosta, W. C. (1984) Male hamster investigatory and copulatory responses to vaginal discharge: an attempt to impart sexual significance to an arbitrary chemosensory stimulus. Physiol. Behav. 33, 627–632.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Mainardi, D. M., Marsan, M. and Pasquali, A. (1965) Causation of sexual preferences of the house mouse: The behaviour of mice reared by parents whose odour was artificially altered. Atti. Soc. Italiana Nat. Milano 104, 325–338.Google Scholar
  31. Marr, J. N. and Gardner, L. E. (1965) Early olfactory experience and later social behavior in the rat: Preference, sexual responsiveness and care of young. J.Genetic Psych. 107, 167–174.Google Scholar
  32. Mateo, J. M. and Johnston, R. E. (2000) Kin recognition and the ’armpit effect’: evidence of self-referent phenotype matching. Proc. Biol. Sci. 267, 695–700.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Mateo, J. M. and Johnston, R. E. (2003) Kin recognition by self-referent phenotype matching: weighing the evidence. Anim. Cogn. 6, 73–76.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. McCarty, R. and Southwick, C. H. (1977) Cross-species fostering: effects on the olfactory preference of Onychomys torridus and Peromyscus leucopus. Behav. Biol. 19, 255–260.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. McDonald, D. L. and Forslund, L. G. (1978) The development of social preferences in the voles Microtus montanus and Microtus canicaudus: effects of cross-fostering. Behav. Biol. 22, 497–508.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Meredith, M. (1991) Sensory processing in the main and accessory olfactory systems: comparisons and contrasts. J. Steroid Biochem. Mol. Biol. 39, 601–614.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Moncho-Bogani, J., Lanuza, E., Hernandez, A., Novejarque, A. and Martinez-Garcia, F. (2002) Attractive properties of sexual pheromones in mice: innate or learned? Physiol. Behav. 77, 167–176.Google Scholar
  38. Moncho-Bogani, J., Martinez-Garcia, F., Novejarque, A. and Lanuza, E. (2005) Attraction to sexual pheromones and associated odorants in female mice involves activation of the reward system and basolateral amygdala. Eur. J. Neurosci. 21, 2186–2198.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Moore, C. L., Jordan, L. and Wong, L. (1996) Early olfactory experience, novelty, and choice of sexual partner by male rats. Physiol. Behav. 60, 1361–1367.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Murphy, M. R. (1980) Sexual preferences of male hamsters: importance of preweaning and adult experience, vaginal secretion, and olfactory or vomeronasal sensation. Behav. Neural Biol. 30, 323–340.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Nyby, J. and Whitney, G. (1980) Experience affects behavioral responses to sex odors. In: D. Muller-Schwarze and R. M. Silverstein (Ed.), Chemical Signals in Vertebrates and Aquatic Invertebrates. Plenum Press, New York, pp. 173–190.Google Scholar
  42. Pedersen, P. E. and Blass, E. M. (1982) Prenatal and postnatal determinants of the 1st suckling episode in albino rats. Dev. Psychobiol. 15, 349–355.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Petrulis, A. and Johnston, R. E. (1999) Lesions centered on the medial amygdala impair scent-marking and sex-odor recognition but spare discrimination of individual odors in female golden hamsters. Behav. Neurosci. 113, 345–357.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Pfaus, J. G., Kippin, T. E. and Centeno, S. (2001) Conditioning and sexual behavior: a review. Horm. Behav. 40, 291–321.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Porter, R. H. and Etscorn, F. (1974) Olfactory imprinting resulting from brief exposure in Acomys cahirinus. Nature 250, 732–733.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Quadagno, D. M. and Banks, E. M. (1970) The effect of reciprocal cross fostering on the behaviour of two sepcies of rodents, Mus musculus and Baiomys taylori ater. Anim. Behav. 18, 379–390.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Rangel, S. and Leon, M. (1995) Early odor preference training increases olfactory bulb norepinephrine. Brain Res. Dev. Brain Res. 85, 187–191.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Stickrod, G., Kimble, D. P. and Smotherman, W. P. (1982) In utero taste/odor aversion conditioning in the rat. Physiol. Behav. 28, 5–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Sullivan, R. M., Hofer, M. A. and Brake, S. C. (1986) Olfactory-guided orientation in neonatal rats is enhanced by a conditioned change in behavioral state. Dev. Psychobiol. 19, 615–623.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Sullivan, R. M. and Leon, M. (1986) Early olfactory learning induces an enhanced olfactory bulb response in young rats. Brain Res. 392, 278–282.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  51. Sullivan, R. M., Wilson, D. A. and Leon, M. (1989) Norepinephrine and learning-induced plasticity in infant rat olfactory system. J. Neurosci. 9, 3998–4006.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  52. Surov, A. V., Solovieva, A. V. and Minaev, A. N. (2001) The olfatory sexual preferences of golden hamster (Mescricetus auratus): the effects of early social and sexual experience. In: A. Marchlewska-Koj, J. L. Lepri and D. Muller-Schwarze (Ed.), Chemical Signals in Vertebrates. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York, pp.Google Scholar
  53. Swann, Rahaman, F., Bijak, T. and Fiber, J. (2001) The main olfactory system mediates pheromone-induced fos expression in the extended amygdala and preoptic area of the male Syrian hamster. Neuroscience 105, 695–706.Google Scholar
  54. Vasilieva, N. Y. (1994) Social cues influencing reproductive characteristics in Golden hamsters: the role of male flank gland secretion, vaginal discharge and litter composition. Advances in the Biosciences 93, 317–323.Google Scholar
  55. Wilson, D. A. and Sullivan, R. M. (1994) Neurobiology of associative learning in the neonate: early olfactory learning. Behav. Neural Biol. 61, 1–18.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Woo, C. C., Coopersmith, R. and Leon, M. (1987) Localized changes in olfactory bulb morphology associated with early olfactory learning. J. Comp. Neurol. 263, 113–125.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media,LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pamela M Maras
    • 1
  • Aras Petrulis
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyGeorgia State University

Personalised recommendations