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Monoclonal Antibodies in the Treatment of Malignant Lymphomas

  • Bertrand Coiffier
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 610)

Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is a heterogeneous group of B- and T-cell cancers, with a large variety of patterns of growth, clinical presentations, and responses to treatment. Outcome depends on histological subtype, tumor characteristics, host responses, and treatment. About 90 percent of lymphomas have a B-cell phenotype and for them recent therapeutic progress came from the introduction of monoclonal antibodies (MAb) alone or in combination with chemotherapy (Coiffier 2005; Coiffier 2005; Traulle and Coiffier 2005). The first antigen that has been targeted for therapeutic purpose with success was the CD20 antigen, a transmembrane protein expressed by more than 99 percent of B-cell lymphomas. Rituximab was the first MAb engineered to target the CD20 antigen and first approved MAb for the treatment of lymphoma patients. Through the last 10 years clinical trials with rituximab have confirmed its efficacy in follicular lymphoma, as well as in aggressive lymphomas, and its use has expanded significantly beyond the initial indication of indolent B-cell lymphomas to virtually any CD20-positive lymphoma. In recent years, several other MAb targeting CD20 or other lymphocyte antigens appeared, some of them associated with a toxin or a radioisotope.

Keywords

Clin Oncol Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Follicular Lymphoma Mantle Cell Lymphoma Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bertrand Coiffier
    • 1
  1. 1.Hematology DepartmentHospices Civils de Lyon and Claude Bernard UniversityFrance

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