Decades of Lemur Research and Conservation

The Elwyn Simons Influence
  • Patricia C. Wright
Part of the Developments in Primatology: Progress and Prospects book series (DIPR)


Mouse Lemur Lemur Catta Female Dominance Brown Lemur Lemur Species 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Ankel-Simons, F. (2007). Primate Anatomy: An Introduction, (Third edition). Elsevier, San Diego.Google Scholar
  2. Britt, A., Katz, A., and Welch, C. (2000a). Project Betampona: Conservation and re-stocking of black and white ruffed lemurs (Varecia variegata variegata). In: Roth, T. L., Swanson, W. F., and Blattman, L. K. (eds.), Proceedings of the Seventh World Conference on Breeding Endangered Species, May 22 – 26, 1999. Cincinnati, Ohio, pp. 87–94.Google Scholar
  3. Britt, A., Welch, C., and Katz, A. (2000b). Ruffed lemur release update. Lemur News 5: 36–38.Google Scholar
  4. Britt, A., Welch, C., and Katz, A. (2001). The impact of Cryptoprocta ferox on the Varecia variegata variegata re-stocking project at Betampona. Lemur News 6: 35–37.Google Scholar
  5. Britt, A., Welch, C., and Katz, A. (2003). Can small isolated primate populations be effectively reinforced with the release of individuals from a captive population. Biol. Conserv. 115: 319–327.Google Scholar
  6. Britt, A., Welch, C., Katz, A., Iambana, B., Porton, I., Junge, R., Crawford, G., Williams, C., and Haring, D. (2004). The re-stocking of captive bred ruffed lemurs (Varecia variegata variegata) into the Betampona Reserve: Methodology and recommendations. Biodivers. Conserv. 13: 635–657.Google Scholar
  7. Britt, A., and Iambana, B. (2004). Can captive-bred Varecia variegata variegata adapt to a natural diet on release to the wild? Int. J. Primatol. 24(5): 987–1005.Google Scholar
  8. Cherry, J. A., Izard, M. K., and Simons, E. L. (1987). Description of ultrasonic vocalizations of the mouse lemur (Microcebus murinus) and the fat-tailed dwarf lemur (Cheirogaleus medius) Am. J. Primatol. 13: 181–185.Google Scholar
  9. Dewar, R. E. (1984). Recent extinctions in Madagascar: The loss of the subfossil fauna. In: Martin, P. S., and Klein, R. G. (eds.), Quaternary Extinctions: A Prehistoric Revolution. University of Arizona Press, Phoenix, pp. 574–593.Google Scholar
  10. Erickson, C. J. (1994). Tap-scanning and extractive foraging in aye-ayes, Daubentonia madagascariensis Folia Primatol.. 62: 125–135.Google Scholar
  11. Erickson, C. J. (1995). Feeding sites for extractive foraging by the aye-aye, Daubentonia madagascariensis. Am. J. Primatol. 35: 235–240.Google Scholar
  12. Erickson, C. J., Nowicki, C., Dollar, L., and Goehring, N. (1998). Percussive foraging: Stimuli for prey location by aye ayes (Daubentonia madagascariensis). Int. J. Primatol. 19: 111–122.Google Scholar
  13. Fleagle, J. G., and Reed, K. E. (1996). Comparing primate communities: A multivariate approach. J. Hum. Evol. 30: 489–510.Google Scholar
  14. Fleagle, J. G., and Simons, E. L. (1978). Humeral morphology of earliest apes. Nature 276: 705–707.Google Scholar
  15. Fleagle, J. G., Kay, R. F., and Simons, E. L. (1980). Sexual dimorphism in early anthropoids. Science 287: 328–330.Google Scholar
  16. Foerg, R. (1982a). Reproduction in Cheirogaleus medius. Folia Primatol. 39: 49–55.Google Scholar
  17. Foerg, R. (1982b). Reproductive behavior in Varecia variegata. Folia Primatol. 38: 108–121.Google Scholar
  18. Gade, D. W. (1996). Deforestation and its effects in highland Madagascar. Mountain Research 16:101–116.Google Scholar
  19. Glander, K. E. (1994). Morphometrics and growth in captive aye-ayes. Folia Primatol. 62: 108–114 .PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Glander, K. E., Freed, B. Z., and Ganzhorn, J (1985). Meat-eating and predation in captive-born Lemur fulvus and caged Lemur macaco. Zoo Biol. 4: 361–365.Google Scholar
  21. Glander, K. E., Wright, P. C., Seigler, D. S., Randrianosolo, V., and Randrianosolo, B. (1989). Consumption of cyanogenic bamboo by a newly discovered species of bamboo lemur. Am. J. Primatol. 19: 119–124.Google Scholar
  22. Glander, K. E., Wright, P. C., Merenlander, A., and Daniels, P. S. (1992). Morphometrics and testicle size of rainforest lemur species from southeastern Madagascar. J. Hum. Evol. 22: 1–17.Google Scholar
  23. Godfrey, L. R., Jungers, W. L., Reed, K. E., Simons, E. L., and Chatrath, P. S. (1997). Subfossil lemurs: Inferences about past and present primate communities in Madagascar In: Goodman, S. M., and Patterson, B. D. (eds.), Natural Change and Human Impact in Madagascar. Smithsonian Press, Washington, DC, pp. 218–256.Google Scholar
  24. Godfrey, L. R., Jungers, W. L., Schwartz, G. T., and Irwin, M. T. (2008). Ghosts and orphans: Madagascar’s vanishing ecosystems. In: Fleagle, J. G. and Gilbert, C. C. (eds.), Elwyn Simons: A Search for Origins. Springer, New York, pp. 361–395Google Scholar
  25. Green, G. M., and Sussman, R. W. (1990). Deforestion history of the eastern rain forests of Madagascar from satellite images. Science 248: 212–215.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Haring, D. M., Wright, P. C., and Simons, E. L. (1985). Social behaviors of Tarsius syrichta and Tarsius bancanus. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 66(2): 179.Google Scholar
  27. Haring, D. M., Wright, P. C., and Simons, E. L. (1988). Conservation of Madagascar's sifakas(Propithecus) in captivity and in the wild. In: Dresser, B. (ed.), Proceedings of Fifth World Conference on Breeding Endangered Species in Captivity. Cincinnati Zoo, Cincinnati, pp. 67–81.Google Scholar
  28. Haring, D. M. and Wright, P. C. (1989). Hand raising a Philippine tarsier (Tarsius syrichta). Zoo Biol. 8: 265–274.Google Scholar
  29. Harrington, J. E. (1977). Discrimination between males and females by scent in Lemur fulvus. Anim. Behav. 25: 147–151.Google Scholar
  30. Izard, M. K. (1987). Lactation length in 3 species of Galago. Am. J. .Primatol. 13(1): 73–76.Google Scholar
  31. Izard, M. K., and Rasmussen, D. T. (1985). Reproduction in the slender loris (Loris tardigradus malabaricus). Am. J. Primatol. 8: 153–155.Google Scholar
  32. Izard, M. K., Wright, P. C., and Simons, E. L. (1985). Gestation length in Tarsius bancanus. Am. J. Primatol. 9: 327–331.Google Scholar
  33. Izard, M. K., and Simons, E. L. (1986a). Isolation of females prior to parturition reduces neonatal mortality in Galago. Am. J. Primatol. 10: 249–255.Google Scholar
  34. Izard, M. K., and Simons, E. L. (1986b). Infant survival and litter size in Primigravid and MultigravidGalagos. J. Med. Primatol. 15: 27–35.Google Scholar
  35. Izard, M. K., and Nash, L. T. (1988). Contrasting reproductive parameters in Galago senegalensis braccatus and G. s. moholi. Int. J. Primatol. 9(6): 519–527.Google Scholar
  36. Jernvall, J., Gilbert, C. C., and Wright, P. C. (2008). Peculiar tooth homologies of the greater bamboo lemur (Prolemur = Hapalemur simus): When is a paracone not a paracone? In: Fleagle, J. G. and Gilbert, C. C. (eds.), Elwyn Simons: A Search for Origins. Springer, New York, pp: 335–342.Google Scholar
  37. Jungers, W. L, Godfrey, L. R., Simons, E. L., Wunderlich, R. E., Richmond, B. G., and Chatrath, P. S. (2002). Ecomorphology of behavior of giant extinct lemurs from Madagascar. In: Plavcan, J. M., Kay, R. F., Jungers, W. L., and van Schaik, C. P. (eds.), Reconstructing Behavior in the Primate Fossil Record. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York, pp. 371–411.Google Scholar
  38. Jungers, W. L., Demes, B., and Godfrey, L. R. (2008). How big were the “giant” extinct lemurs of Madagascar? In: Fleagle, J. G. and Gilbert, C. C. (eds.), Elwyn Simons: A Search for Origins. Springer, New York pp. 343–360.Google Scholar
  39. Kappeler, P. M. (1990). Female dominance in Lemur catta: more than just female feeding priority? Folia Primatol. 55: 92–95.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. Kappeler, P. M. (1993). Sexual selection and lemur social systems. In: Kappeler, P. M. and Ganhorn, J. U. (eds.), Lemur Social Systems and Their Ecological Basis. Plemum Press, New York, pp. 223–240.Google Scholar
  41. Kappeler, P. M. (1996a). Causes and consequences of life-history variation among strepsirhine primates. Am. Nat. 148: 868–891.Google Scholar
  42. Kappeler, P. M. (1996b). Intrasexual selection and phylogenetic constraints in the evolution of sexual canine demorphism in strepsirhine primates. J. Evolution. Biol. 9: 43–65.Google Scholar
  43. Kappeler, P. M. (1997a). Determinants of primate social organization: Comparative evidence and new insights form Malagasy lemurs. Biol. Rev. Cambridge Phil. Soc. 72(1): 111–151.Google Scholar
  44. Kappeler, P. M. (1997b). Intrasexual selection and testes size in strepsirhine primates. Behav. Ecol. 8: 10–19.Google Scholar
  45. Kappeler, P. M. (1998). To whom it may concern: the transmission and function of chemical signals in Lemur catta. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 42: 411–421.Google Scholar
  46. Kappeler, P. M., and Heyman, E. W. (1996). Nonconvergence in the evolution of primate life history and socio-ecology. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 59: 297–326.Google Scholar
  47. Katz, A. S., and Welch, C. R. (2003). Parc Ivoloina. In: Goodman, S., and Benstead, J. (eds.), The Natural History of Madagascar. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, pp. 1555–1559Google Scholar
  48. Krause, D. W., Hartman, J. H., and Wells, N. A. (1997). Late Cretaceous vertebrates from Madagascar: Implications for biotic change in deep time. In: Goodman, S. M., and Patterson, B. D. (eds.), Natural Change and Human Impact in Madagascar. Smithsonian Press, Washington, DC, pp. 3–43.Google Scholar
  49. Kubzdela, K. S., Richard, A. D., and Pereira, M. E. (1992). Social relations in semi-free-ranging sifakas (Propithecus verreauxi coquereli) and the question of female dominance. Am. J. Primatol. 28: 139–145.Google Scholar
  50. Lovejoy, T. (2006). Protected areas: A prism for a changing world. TRENDS Ecol. Evol. 21(6): 329–333.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  51. Macedonia, J. M. (1990). What is communicated in the antipredator calls of lemurs: evidence from playback experiments with ringtailed and ruffed lemurs. Ethology 86:177–190.Google Scholar
  52. Macedonia, J. M. (1993a). Adaptation and phylogenetic constraints in the antipredator behavior of ringtailed and ruffed lemurs. In: Kappeler, P. M. and Ganzhorn, J. U. (eds.), Lemur Social Systems and Their Ecological Basis. Plenum Press, New York, pp. 67–84.Google Scholar
  53. Macedonia, J. M. (1993b). The vocal repertoire of the ringtailed lemurs (Lemur catta). Folia Primatol. 61(4): 186–217.Google Scholar
  54. McNab, B., and Wright, P. C. (1987). Temperature regulation and oxygen consumption in the Philippine tarsier, Tarsius syrichta. Physiol. Zool. 60(5): 596–600.Google Scholar
  55. Meier, B., Albignac, R., Peyrieras, A., Rumpler, Y., and Wright, P. C. (1987). A new species of Hapalemur (Primates) from southeast Madagascar. Folia Primatol. 56: 57–63.Google Scholar
  56. Pereira, M. E. (1993a). Agonistic interaction, dominance relation and ontogenetic trajectories in ringtailed lemurs. In: Pereira, M. E., and Fairbanks, L. A. (eds.), Juvenile Primates Life History, Development, and Behavior. Oxford University Press, New York, pp. 285–305.Google Scholar
  57. Pereira, M. E. (1993b). Seasonal adjustment of growth rate and adult body weight in ringtailed lemurs. In: Kappeler, P. M., and Ganzhorn, J. U. (eds.), Lemur Social Systems and Their Ecological Basis. Plenum, New York, pp. 205–221.Google Scholar
  58. Pereira, M. E., Klepper, A., and Simons, E. L. (1987). Tactics of care for young infants by forest living ruffed lemurs (Varecia variegata variegata): Ground nests, parking, and biparental guarding. Am. J. Primatol. 13(1): 129–144.Google Scholar
  59. Pereira, M. E., Seeligson, M. L., and Macedonia, J. M. (1988). The behavioral repertoire of the black-and-white ruffed lemur, Varecia variegata variegata (Primates: Lemuridae). Folia Primatol. 51(1): 1–32.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  60. Pereira, M. E., Kaufman, R., Kappeler, P. M., and Overdorff, D. (1990). Female dominance does not characterize all the Lemuridae. Folia Primatol. 55: 96–103.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  61. Pereira, M. E., and Weiss, M. L. (1991). Female mate choice, male migration, and the threat of infanticide in ringtailed lemurs. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 28: 141–152.Google Scholar
  62. Pereira, M. E. and McGlynn, C. A. (1997). Special relationships instead of female dominance for redfronted lemurs, Eulemur fulvus rufus. Am. J. Primatol. 43: 239–258.Google Scholar
  63. Perez, V., Godfrey, L., Nowak-Kemp, M., Burney, D., Ratsimbazafy, J., and Vasey, N. (2005). Evidence of early butchery of giant lemurs in Madagascar. J. Hum. Evol. 49(6): 722–742.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  64. Pochron, S. T., and Wright, P. C. (2003). Flexibility in adult group compositions of a prosimian primate. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 54: 285–293.Google Scholar
  65. Pollock, J. I. (1986). The Song of the Indri (Indri indri; Primates: Lemuroidea) natural history form and function. Int. J. Primatol. 7:225–265.Google Scholar
  66. Raps, S., and White, F. (1996). Female social dominance in semi-free-ranging ruffed lemurs (Varecia variegata). Folia Primatol. 65: 163–168.Google Scholar
  67. Rasmussen, D. T. (1985). A comparative study of breeding seasonality and litter size in eleven taxa of captive lemurs (Lemur and Varecia). Int. J. Primatol. 6: 501–511.Google Scholar
  68. Rasmussen, D. T, and Izard, M. K. (1988). Scaling of growth and life history traits relative to body size, brain size, and metabolic rate in lorises and galagos (Lorisidae, primates). Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 75(3): 357–367.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  69. Roberts, M. (1994). Growth, development, and parental care in the western tarsier (Tarsius bancanus) in captivity: Evidence for a slow life-history and nonmonogamous mating system. Int. J. Primatol. 15(1): 1–28.Google Scholar
  70. Roberts, M., and Kohn, F. (1993). Habitat at use, foraging behavior, and activity patterns in reproducing western tarsiers, Tarsius bancanus, in captivity: A management synthesis. Zoo Biol. 12(2): 217–232.Google Scholar
  71. Simons, E. L. (1988). A new species of Propithecus (Primates) from northeast Madagascar. Folia Primatol. 50: 14–21.Google Scholar
  72. Simons, E. L. (1997). Lemurs: Old and new. In: Goodman, S. M., and Patterson, B. D. (eds.), Natural Change and Human Impact in Madagascar. Smithsonian Press, Washington, DC, pp. 142–166.Google Scholar
  73. Simons, E. L., and Rumpler, Y. (1988). Eulemur: New generic name for species of Lemur other than Lemur catta. C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris 307: 547–551.Google Scholar
  74. Simons, E. L., Godfrey, L. R., Vuillaume-Randriamanantena, M., Chatrath, P. S., and Gagnon, M. (1990). Discovery of new giant subfossil lemurs Ankarana Mountains of northern Madagascar. J. Hum. Evol. 19: 311–319.Google Scholar
  75. Simons, E. L., Burney, D. A., Chatrath, P. S., Godfrey, L. R., Jungers, W. L., and Rakotosamimanana, B. (1995a). AMS C-14 dates for extinct lemurs from caves in the Ankarana Massif, northern Madagascar. Quaternary Res. 43: 249–254.Google Scholar
  76. Simons, E. L., Godfrey, L. R., Jungers, W. L., Chatrath, P. S., and Ravaoarisoa, J. (1995b). A new species of Mesopropithecus (Primates, Palaeopropithecidae) from northern Madagascar. Int. J. Primatol. 16: 653–682.Google Scholar
  77. Stanger, K. F., and Macedonia, J. M. (1994). Vocalizations of aye-ayes (Daubentonia madagascariensis) in captivity. Folia Primatol. 62(1–3): 160–169.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  78. Stanger, K. F., Coffman, B. S., and Izard, M. K. (1995). Reproduction in Coquerels dwarf lemur (Mirza coquereli). Am. J. Primatol. 36(3): 223–237.Google Scholar
  79. Sussman, R. and Richard, A. (1987). Coservation priorities in Madagascar. In: Marsh, C. and Mittermeier, R. A. (eds.), Primate Conservation. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 121–134.Google Scholar
  80. Tan, C. L. (1999). Group composition, home range size and diet of three sympatric bamboo lemur species (genus Hapalemur) in Ranomafana National Park, Madagascar. Int. J. Primatol. 20: 547–566.Google Scholar
  81. Tattersall, I. (2008). Vicariance vs. Dispersal in the Origin of the Malagasy Mammal Fauna. In: Fleagle, J. G. and Gilbert, C. C. (eds.), Elwyn Simons: A Search for Origins. Springer, New York, pp. 397–408.Google Scholar
  82. Taylor, L. (2008). Old lemurs: preliminary data on behavior and reproduction from the Duke University Primate Center. In: Fleagle, J. G. and Gilbert, C. C. (eds.), Elwyn Simons: A Search for Origins. Springer, New York, pp. 319–334.Google Scholar
  83. Taylor, L., and Sussman, R. W. (1985). A preliminary study of kinship and social organization in a semi free-ranging group of Lemur catta. Int. J. .Primatol. 6: 601–614.Google Scholar
  84. Tilden, C. D., and Oftedal, O. T. (1997). Milk composition reflects pattern of maternal care in prosimian primates. Am. J. Primatol. 41: 195–211.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  85. Vasey, N. (2003). Varecia, Ruffed Lemurs. In: Goodman, S., and Benstead, J. (eds.), Natural History of Madagascar. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, pp. 1132–1136.Google Scholar
  86. van Schaik, C. P., and Kappeler, P. M. (1996). The social systems of gregarious lemurs: Lack of convergence with anthropoids due to evolutionary disequilibrium? Ethology 102(11): 915–941.Google Scholar
  87. Vick, L. G., and Pereira, M. E. (1989). Episodic targeted aggression and the histories of lemur social groups. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 25: 3–12.Google Scholar
  88. Vuillaume-Randriamanantena, M., Godfrey, L. R., and Sutherland, M. R. (1985). Revision of Hapalemur (Prohapalemur) gallieni (Standing, 1905). Folia Primatol. 45: 89–116.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  89. Weisenseel, K. A., Izard, M. K., Nash, L. T., Ange, R. L., and Poorman-Allen, P. (1998). A comparison of reproduction in two species of Nycticebus. Folia Primatol. 69(1): 321–324.Google Scholar
  90. Welch, C. R. and Katz, A. S. (1992). Survey and census work on lemurs in the natural reserve of Betampona in eastern Madagascar with a view to reintroductions. DODO 28: 45–58.Google Scholar
  91. White, F. (1991). Social organization, feeding ecology, and reproductive strategy of ruffed lemurs, Varecia variegata. In: Ehara, A., Kimura, T., Takenaka, O., and Iwamoto, M. (eds.), Primatology Today, Proceedings of the XIIIth Congress of the International Primatological Society Nagoya and Kyoto, 18–24 July 1990. Elsevier Science Publishers, Amsterdam, pp. 81–84.Google Scholar
  92. White, F. J., Balko, E. A., and Fox, E. A. (1993). Male transfer in captive ruffed lemurs, Varecia variegata variegata. In: Kappeler, P. M. and Ganzhorn, J. G. (eds.), Lemur Social Systems and their Ecological Basis. Plenum Press, New York, pp. 41–50.Google Scholar
  93. Wright, P. C. (1986). Diet, ranging behaviour and activity pattern on the gentle lemur (Hapalemur griseus) in Madagascar. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 69: 283.Google Scholar
  94. Wright, P. C. (1988a). Lemurs lost and found. Nat. Hist. 97(7): 56–66.Google Scholar
  95. Wright, P. C. (1988b). Lemurs' last stand. Animal Kingdom 91(1): 12–25.Google Scholar
  96. Wright, P. C. (1989). Comparative ecology of three sympatric bamboo lemurs in Madagascar. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 78: 327.Google Scholar
  97. Wright, P. C. (1992). Primate ecology, rainforest conservation and economic development: Building a national park in Madagascar. Evol. Anthropol. 1: 25–33.Google Scholar
  98. Wright, P. C. (1995). Demography and life history of free-ranging Propithecus diadema edwardsi in Ranomafana National Park, Madagascar. Int. J. Primatol. 16: 835–854.Google Scholar
  99. Wright, P. C. (1997). The future of biodiversity in Madagascar: A view form Ranomafana National Park. In: Patterson, B. D. and Goodman, S. M. (eds.), Natural Change and Human Impact in Madagascar. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, pp. 381–405.Google Scholar
  100. Wright, P. C. (1999). Lemur traits and Madagascar ecology: Coping with an island environment. Yearb. Phys. Anthropol. 42: 31–72.Google Scholar
  101. Wright, P. C. (2003). Are tarsiers leaping into extinction? In: Wright, P., Simons, E., and Gurksy, S. (eds.) , Tarsiers: Past, Present and Future. Rutgers University Press, New Jersey, pp. 296–308.Google Scholar
  102. Wright, P. C. and Simons, E. L. (1989). Calls of the Mindanao tarsier (Tarsius syrichta). American Journal of Physical Anthropology 66: 236.Google Scholar
  103. Wright, P. C., Toyama, L., and Simons, E. L. (1986). Courtship and copulation in Tarsius bancanus. Folia Primatol. 46: 142–148.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  104. Wright, P. C., Haring, D., Simons, E. L., and Andau, P. (1987). Tarsiers: A conservation perspective. Primate Conservation 8: 51–54.Google Scholar
  105. Wright, P. C., Haring, D., Izard, M. K., and Simons, E. L. (1989). Psychological well-being of nocturnal primates in captivity. In: E. Segal (ed.), Housing Care and Psychological Well-being of Captive and Laboratory Primates. Noyes Publications, New York, pp. 61–74.Google Scholar
  106. Wright, P. C., and Andriamihaja, B. A. (2002). Making a rain forest national park work in Madagascar: Ranomafana National Park and its long-term research commitment. In: Terborgh, J., van Schaik, C., Rao, M., and Davenport, L. (eds.), Making Parks Work: Strategies for Preserving Tropical Nature. Island Press, Covelo, California, pp. 112–136.Google Scholar
  107. Wright P. C., Pochron, S. T., Haring, D. H., and Simons, E. L. (2003). Can we predict seasonal behavior and social organization from sexual dimorphism and testes measurements? In: Wright, P., Simons, E. and Gurksy, S. (eds.) , Tarsiers: Past, Present and Future. Rutgers University Press, New Jersey, pp. 260–273.Google Scholar
  108. Yoder, A. D. (1992). The applications and limitations of ontogenetic comparisons for phylogeny reconstruction: The case of the strepsirhine internal carotid artery. J. Hum. Evol. 23: 183–195.Google Scholar
  109. Yoder, A. D. (1994). Relative position of the Cheirogaleidae in strepsirhine phylogeny: A comparison of morphological and molecular methods and results. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 94: 25–46.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  110. Yoder, A. D., Cartmill, M., Ruvolo, M., Smith, K., Vagalys, R. (1996). Ancient single origin for Malagasy primates. P. Natl Acad. Sci. U.S.A 93: 5122–5126.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Patricia C. Wright
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyInstitute for the Conservation of Tropical Environments Stony Brook UniversityStony BrookUSA

Personalised recommendations