Accessibility and Design for All Solutions Through Speech Technology
The advent of computer-based speech-processing systems like speech synthesisers (SS) and speech recognisers (SR) has brought mankind a promising way of realising the fundamental need for spoken communication by enabling automatic speech-mediated communication. The acoustic medium and speech can be used to implement a high potential communication channel in an alternative, or augmentative, way to improve accessibility to communication for persons with special needs. It takes speech-processing both for speech input and output into consideration, and is presently a well-defined and visible trend in communication technology. Moreover, it is assumed that the solutions for communication difficulties of disabled persons can also bring advantages for non-disabled persons by providing redundancy, and therefore higher comfort, in the use of the communication systems.
KeywordsSign Language Automatic Speech Recognition Dialogue System Tour Guide Synthetic Speech
Projects MULTIVOX and SPEECH-AID were developed with collaboration of LSS’s member João Paulo Teixeira from the Polytechnic Institute of Bragança, Portugal, in cooperation with the Technical University of Budapest and the Academy of Science of Budapest and the colleagues Geza Nemeth and Gabor Olaszy.
Project Audiobrowser was developed with collaboration of Fernando Lopes, in consortium with the Department of Informatics (DI) of the University of Minho, and the colleague António Fernandes.
Projects INFOMETRO and NAVMETRO are developed by a consortium formed by ACAPO, Metro do Porto, S. A. and FEUP and is sponsored by the Portuguese Government Program POSConhecimento.
Project SPEAKMATH is sponsored by the Portuguese Government Program, POSConhecimento.
Project AQN was developed by Helder Ferreira and Vitor Carvalho (both from FEUP) with collaboration of Dárida Fernandes and Fernando Pedrosa (both from ESE-IPP, Centro Calculus) and was coordinated by the author. It was started after an idea from the former LSS’s member, Maria Barros.
The author was a member of Action COST 219 ter – Accessibility for All to Services and Terminals for Next Generation Networks. COST 219 ter was a forum that allowed the author for many years to learn about the “whys” and “hows” of design for all in accessibility to telecommunications.
Pedro Marcolino Freitas, the elder of the author’s sons, to whom deep gratitude is expressed, designed the chapter’s pictures.
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