Identification of Forms and Components of VO Inheritance

  • Iris Karvonen
  • Iiro Salkari
  • Martin Ollus
Part of the IFIP — The International Federation for Information Processing book series (IFIPAICT, volume 243)


Virtual Organizations (VO) are created from a VO Breeding Environment (VBE) or a network, to serve a specific task. In addition to the task-based value the VO and its participants gain valuable experience and create other types of assets. Most often this achieved value is not saved. It is distributed, not managed and sometimes not even identified. The practise of presenting and reusing the common experience and other non-proprietary assets created in the VO is called here “VO inheritance”. VO inheritance aims to enrich the VBE “bag of assets”, thus improving the preparedness of the VBE for business opportunities. The added value, or the contents of the VO inheritance, is called here “VO heritage”. The paper identifies different forms and components of VO heritage. The identification uses previous development of “lessons learnt” in project management field, and a collection of views of SMEs operating in collaborative networks.


Social Capital Intellectual Capital Business Opportunity Customer Relationship Virtual Organization 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Camarinha-Matos, L., Afsarmanesh, H., Ollus, M., 2005. ECOLEAD: A holistic approach to creation and management of dynamic virtual organizations. In Camarinha-Matos, L., Afsarmanesh, H. & Ortiz, A. (Ed.), Collaborative Networks and Their Breeding Environments (pp 3–16). Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    ECOLEAD (EU/FP6 IP 506958) D31.2 VO Performance Measurement approach, performance metrics and measurement process, September 2005. Scholar
  3. 3.
    ECOLEAD (EU/FP6 IP 506958) D33.l VO inheritance components and mechanisms, September 2006. Scholar
  4. 4.
    ECOLEAD (EU/FP6 IP 506958) D32.l Challenges in Virtual Organisations Management., March 2005.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    ECOLEAD (EU/FP6 IP 506958) D2l.4a Characterization of VBE Value Systems and Metrics, March 2006.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    FIATECH (2001). Guidelines and Drivers for Achieving Plant Lifecycle Data Management. The owner -operator forum. January 2001. Scholar
  7. 7.
    Karvonen, I., Jansson, K., Salkari, I., Ollus, M. (2004). Challenges in the management of virtual organizations. In Camarinha-Matos, L. (Ed.), Virtual Enterprises and Collaborative networks (pp 255–264). Kluwer Academic Publishers.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Karvonen, I.; Salkari, I.; Ollus, M. (2005). Characterizing Virtual Organization and Their Management. In Camarinha-Matos, L., Afsarmanesh, H. & Ortiz, A. (Ed.), Collaborative Networks and Their Breeding Environment (pp 193-204). Springer.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Pedersen, J.D., Tolle, M. Vesterager, J. Final report on Models. Deliverable 1.3 of Esprit 26509 Globeman2l project. 1999.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    PMBOK, 1996. A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge. Project Management Institute Standards Committee. 1996.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Schindler M., Eppler M., 2003. Harvesting project knowledge: a review of project learning methods and success factors. International Journal of Project Management 21 (2003), pp 219–228. Elsevier Science Ltd and IPMA.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    van Donk D., Riezebos J., 2005. Exploring the knowledge inventory in project-based organizations: a case study. International Journal of Project Management 23 (2005), pp 75–83. Elsevier Science Ltd and IPMAGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    WIKIPEDIA:, reviewed 28.2.2007Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Zwegers, A., Tolle, M, Vesterager J. VERAM: Virtual Enterprise Reference Architecture and Methodology., in Karvonen et al. Global Engineering and Manufacturing in Enterprise Networks (GLOBEMEN), VTT Symposium 224, 2003, p. 17–38.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© IFIP International Federation for Information Processing 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Iris Karvonen
    • 1
  • Iiro Salkari
    • 1
  • Martin Ollus
    • 1
  1. 1.VTT Industrial SystemsFinland

Personalised recommendations