Intelligent Contracting: Software Agents, Corporate Bodies and Virtual Organizations

  • Francisco Andrade
  • Paulo Novais
  • José Machado
  • José Neves
Part of the IFIP — The International Federation for Information Processing book series (IFIPAICT, volume 243)


Legal doctrine starts to speak of Inter-systemic electronic contracting, where an important role is played by soft bots, i.e., intelligent software agents, which may be fiction as tools controlled by humans or faced as subjects of electronic commerce, or even seen as legal objects or as legal subjects. The use of software agents in electronic commerce scenarios must be connected with the existence of corporate bodies and Virtual Organizations. The issue to be discussed here is whether there should be Commercial Corporations for the use of Software Agents (as mere tools of the companies) or if the agents themselves can be seen as full and active participants in new types of commercial corporations and Virtual Organizations.


Software Agent Electronic Commerce Legal Person Natural Person Virtual Organization 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© IFIP International Federation for Information Processing 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francisco Andrade
    • 1
  • Paulo Novais
    • 2
  • José Machado
    • 2
  • José Neves
    • 2
  1. 1.Escola de DireitoUniversidade do MinhoBragaPortugal
  2. 2.DI-CCTCUniversidade do MinhoBragaPortugal

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