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Reproductive

  • Evis Sala
  • Hedvig Hricak

Presenting Signs and Symptoms

  • Excessive menstrual bleeding (menorrhagia)

  • Nonmenstrual or intermenstrual bleeding (metrorrhagia)

  • Postmenopausal bleeding

Common Causes

  • PREMENOPAUSAL
    • Ovulation (functional ovarian cysts)

    • Cervicitis

    • Birth control pills

    • Anovulatory cycle

    • Pregnancy

    • Leiomyoma

    • Adenomyosis

    • Malignancy

  • POSTMENOPAUSAL
    • Endometrial atrophy

    • Endometrial polyp

    • Endometrial hyperplasia

    • Endometrial cancer

  • HORMONAL
    • Vaginal atrophy

    • Endometrial cancer (about 20% of patients with postmenopausal bleeding)

Keywords

Endometrial Cancer Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Lynch Syndrome Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Uterine Artery Embolization 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Evis Sala
    • 1
  • Hedvig Hricak
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of RadiologyUniversity of CambridgeUK
  2. 2.Department of RadiologyMemorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer CenterNew YorkUSA

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