• U. Joseph Schoepf

Presenting Signs and Symptoms

Episodes of precordial discomfort or pressure, typically precipitated by exertion and relieved by rest or sublingual nitroglycerin

Common Cause

Atherosclerotic coronary artery disease

Risk Factors

  • Elevated serum cholesterol

  • High cholesterol intake

  • Tobacco smoking (primarily cigarettes)

  • Diabetes mellitus

  • Hypertension

  • Strong family history


Congenital Heart Disease Pericardial Effusion Cardiac Compute Tomography Glycogen Storage Disease Constrictive Pericarditis 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • U. Joseph Schoepf
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of RadiologyMedical University of South CarolinaCharlestonUSA

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