CO2-sensitivity of GABAergic Neurons in the Ventral Medullary Surface of GAD67-GFP Knock-in Neonatal Mice
We investigated the CO2 responsiveness of GABAergic neurons in the ventral medullary surface (VMS), a putative chemoreceptive area using a 67-kDa isoform of GABA-synthesizing enzyme (GAD67)-green fluorescence protein (GFP) knock-in neonatal mouse, in which GFP is specifically expressed in GABAergic neurons. The slice was prepared by transversely sectioning at the level of the rostral rootlet of the XII nerve and the rostral end of the inferior olive in mock cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Each medullary slice was continuously superfused with hypocapnic CSF. GFP-positive neurons in the VMS were selected by using fluorescent optics and their membrane potentials and firing activities were analyzed with a perforated patch recording technique. Thereafter, superfusion was changed from hypocapnic to hypercapnic CSF. In 4 out of 8 GABAergic neurons in the VMS, perfusion with hypercapnic CSF induced more than a 20% decrease in the discharge frequency and hyperpolarized the neurons. The remaining 4 GFPpositive neurons were CO2-insensitive. GABAergic neurons in the VMS have chemosensitivity. Inhibition of chemosensitive GABAergic neural activity in the VMS may induce increases in respiratory output in response to hypercapnia.
KeywordsGABAergic Neuron Discharge Frequency Inferior Olive Respiratory Neuron Respiratory Output
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