The Carotid Chemoreceptors are a Major Determinant of Ventilatory CO2 Sensitivity and of PaCO2 During Eupneic Breathing
Both carotid and intracranial chemoreceptors are critical to a normal ventilatory CO2—H+ chemosensitivity. At low levels of hypercapnia, the carotid contribution is probably greater than the central contribution but, at high levels, the intracranial chemoreceptors are dominant. The carotid chemoreceptors are also critical to maintaining a stable and normal eupneic PaCO2, but lesion-induced attenuation of intracranial CO2—H+ chemosensitivity does not consistently alter eupneic PaCO2. A major unanswered question is why do intracranial chemoreceptors in carotid body denervation (CBD) animals tolerate an acidosis during eupnea which prior to CBD elicits a marked increase in breathing.
KeywordsVentilatory Response Ibotenic Acid Peripheral Chemoreceptor Ventral Medulla Carotid Chemoreceptor
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