Superconducting Levitation and Bilinear Systems
The suspension of objects with no visible means of support is a fascinating phenomenon (Moon, 1992; Kozorez, Kolodeev and Kryukov, 1975; Yatsenko,1989; Hull, 2004, Kozorez, et.al., 2006.) To deprive objects of the effects of gravity is a dream common to generations of thinkers from Benjamin Franklin to Robert Goddard, and even to mystics of the East. This modern fascination with superconducting levitation stems from four singular technical and scientific achievements:(i) the creation of superconducting gravity meter gravity meters; (ii) the creation of high-speed vehicles to carry people at 500 km/hr; (iii) the creation of a digitally controlled magnetic levitation turbo molecular pump; and (iv) the discovery of new superconducting materials.
The modern development of super high-speed transport systems, known as maglev, started in the late 1960s as a natural consequence of the development of low-temperature superconducting wire, the transistor and chip-based electronic...